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# Golic Vulcan (GV):Federation Standard English (FSE)
# Compiled from the website of the Vulcan Language Institute
# at <>.
# (/Travilal nash-veh s'vis-tum-vel t'Shi'Oren t'Gen-Lis Vuhlkansu
# na'<>./)
# The following inconsistencies have been found in the received data:
# (/Ki'tal-tor nash-veh ritsurkan'es svi'faik poprahik:/)
# 1. /pekhaya/ both for “stop” {n.} and related terms in
# “Introduction to Vulcan Linguistics” (/fa-wak pehkau/
# “will stop”), “Introduction to Golic Vulcan Grammar”
# (/ulef-pekhaya/ “half-stop”, but /ek'pe*kh*aya/ “full-stop”),
# and “Vulcan Language Lesson” 2, 3, 25, 27, and 29;
# and also for “defecation” and related terms in “Vulcan Medical
# Lexicon”.
# Since it is both illogical that the same meaning should have
# different word roots, and that the same word or word root
# should have several meanings in Golic Vulcan[1] — for example,
# how can /pekhaya/ mean “defecation” [“to-defecate-noun”] and
# /pa'kizh-pekhaya/ “respiratory arrest” [“around-gasses-stop”]
# at the same time? How can there be /khaf-spol-pe*hk*aya/
# “cardiac arrest” [“blood-pump-stop-noun”], but
# /pa'kizh-pe*kh*aya/ “respiratory arrest” at the same time? —,
# it is assumed that there were errors in transcription or
# subspace transmission, and that the word root /pehk/ uniformly
# refers to stopping (as in /pehkau/ “to stop”, /ek'pe_hk_aya/
# “full-stop”, and /pa'kizh-pe_hk_aya/ “respiratory arrest”),
# while the word root /pekh/ uniformly refers to concepts related
# to defecation (as in /pe_kh_aya/ “defecation” and /pekh-razh/
# “anus” [“feces-exit”]).
# [/1☐ – Dah-wak-isan t'/pekhaya/ na'>stop< |v-zh.| heh tersau-zhitlar
# svi'°Ragtaya na'Gen-Lis-Tal Vuhlkansu° | /fa-wak pehkau/
# >will stop< | - svi'°Ragtaya na'Zhit-Isan t'Gol-Vuhlkansu°
# | /ulef-pekhaya/ >half-stop< - hi /ek'pe¦kh¦aya/ >full-stop< |
# eh svi'°Tupa t'Gen-Lis Vuhlkansu° 2 - 3 - 25 - 27 heh 29 -
# eh na'>defecation< heh tersau-zhitlar svi'°Vulcan Medical
# Lexicon°.
# Ri k'ozhika kupi on-ma ka-tvah natya-zhit-gir - heh ka-zhit il
# ka-zhit-gir pohl-tvah svi'Gol-Vuhlkansu – na'li-fal -
# kup-tvai /pekhaya/ >defecation< || >to-defecate-noun< || heh
# /pa'kizh-pekhaya/ >respiratory arrest< || >around-gasses-stop< ||
# na'ka-wak uf - kup-tra'nam-tor /khaf-spol-pe¦hk¦aya/
# >cardiac arrest< || >blood-pump-stop-noun< || - hi
# /pa'kizh-pe¦kh¦aya/ >respiratory arrest< na'ka-wak uf –
# miyusau nash-veh tra'vesht lafoshlar svi'zhit-kitaun il
# svi'ne-stukh-sasaya - eh wuh-shid-dzhinau zhit-gir /pehk/
# na'pehkaya | vah /pehkau/ >to stop<, /ek'pe¦hk¦aya/
# >full-stop< heh /pa'kizh-pe¦hk¦aya/ >respiratory arrest< | -
# du'wuh-shid-dzhinau zhit-gir /pekh/ na'vellar t'pekhaya
# | vah /pe¦kh¦aya/ >defecation< heh /pekh-razh/ >anus<
# || >feces-exit< || |./]
# 2. As word for “symbol”, /sehtebihk/ in “Vulcan Language Lesson 6:
# Punctuation”, /setebihk/ in “Example Phrases (VLI)”, and
# /setebuhk/ in “Vulcan Rituals and Ceremonies”. The first is
# the form substantiated by the historical documents (“Star Trek:
# The Motion Picture”) and therefore considered the correct one.
# It is assumed that the i/u-difference occurred from the
# neighboring positions of the keys for the letters “u” and “i”
# on computer keyboards, and that /setebihk/ is misspelt.
# [/2☐ – Na'zhit t'>symbol< - /sehtebihk/ svi'°Gen-lis Vuhlkansu Tupa 6 -
# Pehkamitaya° - /setebihk/ svi'°Li-Falik Zhit-Ballar° heh
# /setebuhk/ svi'°Vulcan Rituals and Ceremonies°. Ki'kla-hil-tor
# nash-veh wuhr-shid svi'vesht-varik-faik | °Star Trek: The Motion
# Picture° | - tal-tor vah yeht-veh. Vesht tor-yehat i/u-natyan
# s'be'shul t'ozh-svinlar t'zhit-sehtebihk >u< eh >i< fi'ozh-svin-math
# t'tum-vel heh ri yeht-nazhitovaun /setebihk/./]
# 3. /tehtvun/ for “century” (100 years), but /leh-teh-tevun/ for
# “millennium” (1000 years). The word for “year” (time for one
# rotation of Vulcan) is /tevun/. is not logical to shorten it
# to /tvun/, an otherwise unknown word root, for “century
# (100 year[s])”, and to use the combining form with “1000 year(s)”
# but not “100 year[s]”.
# Therefore, we assume this is a typo copied to all documents,
# and that the word for “century” is /teh-tevun/.
# [3☐ – /tehtvun/ na'>century< (teh tevun) - hi /leh-teh-tevun/
# na'>millennium< (leh-teh tevun). Zhit na'wak t'wuh-dan
# t'T'Khasi /tevun/. Pen-tor na'/tvun/ ri-ozhik - vathru
# zhit-git rifainuk - na'>century (100 year[s])< heh is-tor
# terishanik shid na'>1000 year|s|< hi ri na'>100 year|s|<.
# Miyusau nash-veh ki'va'asal lafosh k'ozh-svin-math
# na'ek'varik-faik heh zhit na'>century< /teh-tevun/.]
# [1] /Na'natya-is - natya-shid./ “For different use, a different
# form.” —Tenek of Shi'Han (famous ancient Golic grammarian)
# Entries in this dictionary are of the following form:
# original (optional part):translation (optional part) {word form} {context} [comment]
# ex=…
## Any line that starts with “#” is a comment, and MAY
## be displayed by software as an introduction to the user
## (paragraph formatting SHOULD be used), unless it is followed by
## another “#” (like here) in which case it is documentation only
## for implementors and MUST NOT be displayed by software.
## (/Palikau zehl k'>#< comment heh gluvaun lerash-tukh /)
# Entries are indented to signify derivation, so that software
# can mark common word-roots. The optional part of the original
# may contain affixes that can be omitted, or give an abbreviation.
## Entries starting with “ex=” signify examples and SHOULD
## be formatted accordingly.
# The translation may use /…/ (italics) to indicate that the original
# cannot be translated (e.g., proper names); however, it can indicate
# an alternative transcription that is more common in the target
# language. The word-form is indicated with one of the abbreviations
# below in case of ambiguity. The context part indicates in which
# contexts and meanings the original may or should be used.
# Finally, the comment part describes the etymology of the original,
# indicates word relations (whereas same-language words, that SHOULD
# be possible to find in the dictionary, are indicated with /…/
# [italics]), provides background information or gives general usage
# advice.
## Translation software MUST consider the optional part of the
## original, both in combination and standalone; they SHOULD display
## the word-form, context, and comment parts of the translation with
## increasing verbosity, in that order.
# Golic Vulcan languages are affixing and compound languages;
# it is not logical to sort entries only alphabetically. Instead,
# entries are sorted with the following precedence:
# 1. main context: /aushfa/ – /ulef-masu-aushfa/
# (not: /masu/ – /ulef-masu-aushfa/)
# 2. root relation: /halovau/ – /hal-tor/ (not: /tor/ – /hal-tor/)
# 3. uses in combination: /le-suma/ – /dvunan-koval k'le-suma/
# 4. modifying suffixes: /pakh/ – /pakhaik/, /falek/ – /falek'es/
# 5. modifying prefixes: /ar'kadan/ – /fi'ar'kadan/
# 6. combining suffixes (based on main root): /ashiv/ – /ashiv-tor/,
# /ayaun-sahriv/ < /ayaun-abu-yumaya/ (the main roots are
# /sahriv/ and /yumaya/; not /sahriv/ and /abu/)
# 7. combining prefixes (based on main root): /dap/ – /reh-dap/
# Only when all applying superordered criteria are the same,
# entries are sorted by the FSE alphabet (not the MGV alphabet,
# in order to help learners.) Note that weak verb forms, although
# combining with “-tor” are sorted before other modifying and
# combining forms because they have the stronger root.
# Therefore, if you cannot find the translation for a compound
# word at entries beginning with the letter of the word, look
# into the entry for the main root.
# The following abbreviations have been used:
# adj. – adjective, adjectival
# AGV – Ancient Golic Vulcan (language)
# aero. – aerospace
# agr. – agriculture, agricultural; related to planting
# anat. – anatomy, anatomical; related to body structure
# anc. – ancient (word), from before Surak’s language reforms;
# probably with irr. verb-forms
# anorg. – anorganic; not related to life forms
# arch. – archaeology, archaelogic
# auto. – automotive
# biol. – biology, biologic; related to life forms
# borr. – borrowed word
# bot. – botany, botanical; related to plant life
# card. – cardinal form (of a number); for counting up and when
# used like a noun
# CLGV – Ceremonial/Lithurgic Golic Vulcan (language)
# colloq. – colloquial; used in informal, non-scientific speech
# enum. – enumerating form (of a number); for counting how many
# items there are
# e.g. – /exempli gratia/: Latin for "for example"
# etc. – /et cetera/: Latin for "and so forth/on"
# ex. – example
# fig. – figuratively (vs. lit.); e.g., "field" can lit. mean
# "place where crops grow", fig. "area of study", or
# fig. a math. structure (like "Galois field") or
# a physical structure or technology (like "warp field")
# gen. – general, generally
# ger. – gerund (form); verb form to describe what happens now
# geo. – related to geosciences
# geol. – geology, geologic; related to stones and minerals
# gr. – grammar, grammatical; grammatical term
# hon. – honorific (form); preferred, polite form
# i.e. – /id est/: Latin for "it is", meaning "that is"
# imp. – imperative (form); used for commands and invocations
# irr. – irregular (verb; vs. reg.)
# lit. – literally (vs. fig.)
# math. – mathematics, mathematically
# mech. – mechanics, mechanically
# med. – medicine, medical
# MGV – Modern Golic Vulcan (language)
# mil. – military
# myth. – mythology, mythologic
# n. – noun; word for a thing or being
# naut. – nautical; related to motion in seafaring tradition
# obs. – obsolete (word); use the synonymous contemporary word
# for everyday, non-ceremonial use instead (e.g., /wak/
# instead of /farr/ for "time"; but: /kari farr/,
# /pon farr/ etc.)
# ocean. – oceanography, oceanographic
# ord. – ordinal form (of a number): 1st, 2nd etc.
# paleo. – paleontology, paleontological
# phys. – physics, physical
# pl. – plural (form)
# pol. – politics, political
# rec. – recreation, recreational
# reg. – regular (verb; vs. irr.)
# sing. – singular (form)
# standal. – standal. (form)
# tech. – technology, technologic
# v. – verb; word for doing something
# vs. – /versus/ Latin for "as opposed to", "as compared to"
# zool. – zoology, zoologic; related to animal life forms
# Unless otherwise specified, words are common in MGV.
~al:(reg. strong v., past form)
~au:(reg. strong v.)
~aya:(reg. strong verb-based noun)
~ik:(standal. adj. form)
~lar:(pl. form, except with numbers)
ex=Kal'uh nash-veh..:Let me! [from /kal-tor/]
ex=Vasha'uh yel-hali t'nemut..:Destroy the enemy starship! [from /vashau/]
ex=Tu'ash'uh svep..:Open the door! [from /tu'ash/]
~'voh:(imp. hon.)
ex=Kal'voh nash-veh..:Let me!
ex=Vasha'voh yel-hali t'nemut..:Destroy the enemy starship!
ex=Tu'ash'voh svep..:Open the door!
~-kam:dear ~ (affection)
abi'~:until ~ {prep.}
fi-zhel-aborayek:strap-on booster {aero.} ["on-strap-?"]
abukhau:(to) rule over {arch.} ["up-rule"?]
(abu)khausu:ruler (person) {n.} {arch.}
abu'le:upwards {anc.} [from CLGV /apu'leh/ and AGV /ápuullh/]
abuli(-~|ik):vertical {adj.}
abunaf:uplink {n.} {aero.}
kahr-abu:zenit (directly up) ["?-up"]
abrashau:(to) pick up
ex=Abrashau reshnek Kardassu pi'natuhn s'kitau-skaf.:The angry Cardassian picks up the small box from the desk.
abru'~:above|over ~ {anc.} [from CLGV /apru'/ and AGV /ápruu/]
abrupik:dominant (adj.; biol.)
abrupik'es:dominance ["dominant-noun"; inferred]
ul-abrupik'es:partial dominance {zool.} ["partial-dominant-noun"]
Abu-Sihm'bel:Abu Simbel {borr.} {arch.}
achut:brush {n.}
puyan-achut:cleaning brush [see /puyek/]
zud-achut:toothbrush ["?-brush"; see /zud/]
af'tum:kitchen|galley {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /àffu'dúmh/, meaning /cooking chamber/]
ahkh:war {anc.} {borr.} [from ancient non-Golic]
ahkhsu:warrior {anc.} ["war-person"]
ahm:name {anc.} [from CLGV and AGV]
ex=Svi'ahm t'Surak ra..:What in Surak's name?!? ["In-name of-Surak what!!!"]
ahn-wun:/ahn-wun/ (traditional melee weapon with leather-strips and metal balls at the ends; anc.) [also transcribed /ahn-woon/]
ang'klung:Angklung {mus.}
anuh'dzhuhr:onager (asiatic ass) {borr.} [from FSE]
ahs:jaw {n.} {anc.} [from CLGV and AGV]
ahs-fam(-~|ik):jawless ["jaw-without"]
ahs-fam-aluk:jawless fish ["jawless-fish"; see /ahs/]
aifa:these {anc.} [from CLGV /aifu/ and AGV /ayivu/]
aikum:moon {n.} [from CLGV; AGV form is unknown, although possibly related to /álh'úmú/, meaning "companion"]
aitlu:(to) desire [irr. strong v.]
ex=Aitlu Sonok yokul sash-savas.:Sonok wants to eat /sash-savas/.
ex=Aitlu T'Luki foshuhl rasath.:T'Luki wants to lose weight.
ex=Aitlu nash-veh hal-tor.:I want to go. ["Wants this-one to-go."]
ex=Aitlu nash-veh trasha.:I want to leave. ["Wants this-one to-leave"]
ex=Aitlu tu nash-gad nuh'irak hal-tor.:You want to go too far today. ["Want you today too-far to-go."]
aitlun:desire {n.}
ak('~):soon ~ {anc.} [from CLGV and AGV]
ex=Vun ak'hal-tor sa-veh.:He must go soon. ["Must soon-go he."]
ex=Ri dotor au ak'hal-tor na'Terra.:They are not planning to go to Earth soon. ["Not plan they soon-go to-Earth."]
ak'spra:heretic {n.} {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /ahr'shprátu/, meaning "one who goes against what is written"]
akansu:alien {n.}
akarshif:a long time
akhlami:among us
alem:salt {anc.} [from CLGV and AGV]
alem-tukh:sodium ["salt stuff", because common salt is comprised of sodium and chlorine]
aluk:fish {n.} {anc.} [from CLGV; AGV form is unknown]
abu-vla-nu'leyik khlup-aluk:upside-down jelly(fish) {zool.} ["upward-?-down-? ?-fish"]
kus-vakhik khlup-aluk:bell jelly(fish) {zool.} ["?-? ?-fish"; see /kus-vakh/]
ar'kada:(to) work ["?-same-rotation"?]
ar'kada-has:occupational disease {med.}
ar'kada-pthak|zup-pthak:ergophobia ["work-?"]
ar'kadan:work (n.) ["?-same-rotation"?]
fi'ar'kadan:working|at work
ex=Sonok heh T'Luki fi'ar'kadan.:Sonok and T'Luki are working.
na-ar'kada:(to) contribute ["for-work"; new]
na-ar'kadan:contribution ["for-work"; new]
raf-ar'kada-vellar:electronics (equipment) {tech.}
arev:desert wind {?GV} [from ST:ENT "The Forge"]
arlanga-tukh:yttrium [chemical element first found in the Arlanga mountain range]
asal:morning {anc.} [from CLGV /ashahl/, derived from AGV /aξ'àl'el/, the rising (time)]
# asal-yem:[see /yem/]
ash'el (MGV)|ash-vel (TGV):shoe {n.} ["treading thing"]
ash'ai:sock {n.}
ashau:(to) love
ashiv:repeat|repetition {n.}
k'ashiv:often ["with-repetition"]
wuh'ashiv:another ["one-repetition"]
ashiv-tor:(to) repeat
ask'er:soldier {borr.}
au:they|them {anc.} [word from CLGV, derived from AGV /á/]
oau:they|them [about superiors or honored persons, "honored they/them"]
t'au:their|theirs ["of-them"]
ausham:venom {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /áξumh/]
aushfa:animal {n.}
aushfamaluhr:animalic {adj.}
falek'es-tash-aushfa:bomeotherm {n.} {ocean.} ["temperature-control-animal"]
lesek-mal-aushfa:arthropod {biol.} ["joint-leg-animal"]
spahk-mal-aushfa:crustacean {biol.} ["claw-leg-animal"]
wehk-mal-aushfa:myriapod {biol.} ["many-leg-animal"]
ulef-masu-aushfa:amphibian {n.} ["half-water-animal"]
avon:hunger {n.} [from CLGV /avonn/, derived from AGV /àfhonnh/]
k'avon:hungry ["with-hunger"]
ex=Sa-kan k'avon hi ko-kan rik'avon.:The boy is hungry but the girl is full.
ex=k'le-matya k'avon:with the hungry /le-matya/
ex=Raidzhelsu k'avon heh k'mag.:The Rigellians are hungry and thirsty.
rik'avon:full (no longer hungry) ["without-hunger"]
ayau:(to) tilt [inferred]
ayaun(-~|ik):tilted [inferred]
ayaun-sahriv:Tilted storm
ayaun-abu-yumaya:Tilted updraft
# a'rak-ayaunik nuk-vihish-tauf:[see /nuk-vihish-tauf/]
# u'rak-ayaunik nuk-vihish-tauf:[see /nuk-vihish-tauf/]
ba-tak:tradition (anc., borr.)
baik:traditional (standal. adj.)
ba-~:traditional ~
Ba-Gol-Vuhlkansu:Traditional Golic Vulcan (language)
Ba-Golik:Traditional Golic
# bali le-suma-marshak:heavy floe ["thick ?-?-?"; see /le-suma-marshak/]
bali-bru-nosh:pachycheilia {med.} ["thick-?-?"]
bali-fekik:pachycaul {biol.} ["thick-?"]
bali-wadi-nosh:pachyderma ["thick-?-?"]
balkra:/balkra/ (a type of aromatic casserole) {anc.}
bah-ker:garden {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /báha-kèrru/, meaning "food yard"]
bai'~:by means of|through|via {obs.} [see /fna'/]
bar-kas:spice {n.} {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /bárrh-kàξu/, meaning "tongue-biter", an effect of spices]
batai:sturdy {anc.} [Batai was the name of Kamin's sturdy son in Ressik province on another planet; see TNG "The Inner Light"]
be'~:beside|by|near|next to|very close to ~
behsu:neighbor {n.} ["next-to person"]
betau:(to) approach [reg. strong v.]
ex=Betau nesh-kur sehlat mol-kur svai svi'ne-yartra.:The black /sehlat/ approaches the magenta flower in the meadow.
betaya:approach {n.}
Beidzhorsu:Bajoran {n.}
beidzhorsu:Bajoran {adj.}
ex=shi'kwai beidzhorsu:Bajoran wilderness ["wilderness Bajoran"]
bek:wait {n.}
bek-tor:(to) wait
la'bek:here-wait, wait here
la'bek-tor:(to) wait here
Ben:to us (TGV)
ex=>Ben vahl navun.<:"Grant us success." ["To-us grant success."]
bes:drawing {anc.} [from CLGV /bæs/ and AGV /b'hàs/]
bezhun:eye {anc.} [from CLGV /bæshun/ and AGV /b'hàshúnh/]
bezhun-masu:tear(s) {n.} ["eye-water"]
bi'~:along ~
bikuv-velak:pixel ["picture-element"; new, see /velak/]
reh-bikuv:hologram (object/non-sentient being) ["three-picture"]
reh-bikuvsu:hologram (image of sentient being) ["hologram-person"]
kefik has-reh-bikuvsu (KHRB):emergency medical hologram (EMH) ["emergency medical-hologram-person"]
reh-bikuv-sutauk:holodeck ["holo-bay"]
bolau:need {v.}
ex=Bolau sa-veh yokul ein-vel.:He needs to eat something. ["Needs he to-eat something"]
ex=Bolau etek oren-tor uf hash-tor.:We need to learn how to fly. ["Need we to-learn how to-fly."]
ex=Bolau ish-kan oren-tor nazhu-tor.:That child needs to learn to listen. ["Needs that-child to-learn to-listen."]
Borg Praim:Borg Prime
borgik mesakh-tchas-vistra:Borg transwarp network
Borkuh (Beituh Haidri):Borka (Beta Hydri)
buhfik:perfect {adj.}
d'mallu:/D'mallu/ (a type of carnivorous plant) {anc.}
da:pebble {n.}
dah:two {enum.}
ex=Shitau T'Luki nau lipau eh dah ru'lut-sai fi'nef.:T'Luki puts 9 knives and two napkins on the shelf. ["Put T'Luki 9 knife and two napkin on-shelf."]
dahik:two {adj.}
dahkuh:two {card.}
dah'rak:second {ord.} {TGV}
dahr-~:second {ord.}
dah-halek:bicycle ["two-goer", as in a conveyance with two wheels]
dah-wak:twice ["two-times"]
dakh:(to) cast out
ex=>Dakh orfikkel aushfamaluhr shaukaush fi'aifa mazhiv.<:"Our ancestors cast out their animal passions here on these sands." ["Cast-out ancestors animal passion(s) on-these sands."]
dan:rotation {anc.} [from CLGV /dahn/ and AGV /dhánh/]
danau:(to) explain ["rotate (knowledge) around"; reg. strong v.; from CLGV, derived from AGV /dháná/.]
ex=Danau Sonok lof na'T'Luki.:Sonok explains the purpose to T'Luki.
padan:spin (rotation) {n.} {aero.}
pada-tor:(to) spin (rotate) {aero.}
da-fek:axle ["turn(ing)-pole"]
da-rala-hali: helicopter ["turning-wing-vehicle"]
da-sfek:axis|pivot ["turn(ing)-point"]
da-tor:(to) rotate
dan-~:~est|most ~ (superlative)
ex=Sehlat t'Soval dan-suk t'elkhrul-shal.:Soval's /sehlat/ is the biggest of the whole area. ["/Sehlat/ of-Soval most-big of-whole-area."]
ex=Skladan t'ko-veh na'spanakhat dan-yauluhk t'ek.:Her message for the government is the most important of all. ["Message of-female-one for-government most-important of-all."]
dap-lan-pa:/dap-lan-pa/ (children's game) {anc.} ["spot-?-?"]
reh-dap:three-spots ("∴") ["three-spot"; used as "etc." is used in FSE]
ex=Bolau mahr-tor Spolk dunaplar - dun - neshuk ∴:Spolk needs to buy books, paper, ink, etc.
dau:(to) affect {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /dhá/]
daya:effect {n.}
dawan:/dawan/ (an undependable person) {anc.} [from CLGV /dal'wanu/ and AGV /da'w'lhán/]
dif:long life
dif-tor:(to) live (a) long (time)
Dif-tor heh smusma.:Live long and prosper.
ex=>Dif-tor heh smusma - Spohkh.<:"Live long and prosper, Spock." ["To-live-long and to-prosper, Spock."]
dohn:board|plank {n.}
ex=Soval weh-suk do Stola.:Soval is bigger than Stola. ["Soval more-big than Stola."]
ex=Skladan t'nash-veh na'ko-veh weh-yauluhk do t'du.:My message for her is more important than yours. ["Message of-this-one for-female-one more-important than of-you."]
ex=Kelek t'Soval weh-suk do dan-suk t'besular.:Soval's house is bigger than the biggest house of his neighbors. ["House of-Soval more-big than most-big of-neighbors."]
ex=>Dom - ki'sarlah.<:"So, it has come." ["So, (it) has-come."]
don-ka:rich {n.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /dónh-ká/, meaning "money-having"]
dor-~:honorable ~
dorlan:honorific {n.}
ridor-~:dishonorable ~
pudor-tor:(to) be honored
du|tu:you {sing.} [/du/ when alone or after consonant, /tu/ otherwise]
Qual se tu.:Is it you? {anc.}
odu:you ["honored you-singular"; to a superior or honored person]
dular|tular:you {pl.} [/dular/ when alone or after a consonant, /tular/ otherwise]
odular:you ["honored you-plural"; to superiors or honored persons]
t'dular:your|yours {pl.}
t'du:your|yours {sing.}
ex=Yokul nash-veh yarmok t'du.:I eat your salad. ["Eat this-one salad of-you."]
dun:paper {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /dúnh/, a papyrus-like paper made from the fibers of an edible root]
dunap:book {n.} [from CLGV /dunapi/, derived from AGV /dúnh-abù/ "scroll"]
dungi(-~):will {v.}|(future form)
ex=dungi kal-tor:will let [weak verb, /dungi/ not affixed]
ex=dungi-palikau:will ~ [strong verb, /dungi/ affixed]
ex=Dungi-trasha etek.:They will leave.
ex=Dungi etek trasha.:*They* will leave. [different shades of meaning or emphasis]
ex=>Dungi tu sahrafel?<:"Will you trust (me)?" ["Will you trust?"; /ha/ is omitted in future tense]
ex=Dungi hal-tor du wilat.:Where will you go? ["Will go you where."]
ex=Dungi gla-tor etek ha'gel.:We will see the light. ["Will see we light."]
ex=Dungi nem-tor T'Luki yon-kur dunap.:T'Luki will take the yellow book.
ex=Dungi-yokul Sonok yarmok.:Sonok will eat the salad.
ex=Dungi stron-tor kushel s'kraisek.:The bird will escape from the cage.
ex=Dungi nashiv-tor le-matyalar kuht t'sehlat t'au.:The /le-matyas/ will attack their herd of /sehlats/. ["Will attack /le-matyas/ herd of-/sehlat/ of-them."]
ex=Dungi tal-tor ko-kan tal-muv heh klachek fi'pasu.:The girl will find the key and the lock on the table.
ex=Dungi fas-tor sa-kan khi-gad-yem heh leipau kap.:The boy will cook the lunch and bake the bread.
ex=Dungi hal-tor Sonok na'kahr.:Sonok will go to the town.|Will Sonok go to the town?
ex=Dungi hash-tor T'Luki shan-hali vi'stukh.:T'Luki will fly the shuttle to outer space.
ex=Dungi-halovau au na'Shi'Kahr klepovau.:They will travel to Shi'Kahr for shopping.
ex=Dungi-yaretau tomasular t'du eshikh.:Your relatives will visit the desert.
ex=Dungi-yokul du aru-yem.:You will eat the dinner.
ex=Dungi gla-tor au wuh'rak yel t'khru wilat.:Where will they see the first star of the evening? ["Will see they first star of-evening where."]
dukal:ball {n.}
dvar:risk {n.}
dvar-tor:(to) risk
dvel-tor:(to) choose
dvelek:selector|switch [inferred]
glashau-nuk-dvelek:scan mode selector {tech.} ["?-low-selector"]
shihalk-ta'raf-dvelek:park/neutral switch {auto.}
ta'raf-palikau-dvelek:neutral start switch {auto.}
dvin:service {n.} [providing something to]
kadvin:commission {naut.} ["same-service"]
s'kadvin:out of commission
sakadvin-tor:(to) decommission
sakadvin:decommissioning {n.}
kef-has-dvintra |KHD|:Emergency medical service (EMS) ["emergency-medical-service-there"]
dvin-tor:(to) serve
ex=Dvin-tor T'Luki yar-sazhlar heh zhar-savaslar.:T'Luki serves green legumes and orange fruits.
dvun:move(ment) {n.}|motion {n.}|moving {ger.}
fandvu:gimbal {n.} {aero.} ["any-move"]
fandvu-tor:(to) gimbal {aero.}
khardvun:maneuver {n.} {aero.}
khardvu-tor:(to) maneuver {aero.}
abunuhal-khardvun:pitch maneuver {n.} ["pitch-?"]
tereragel-abunuhal-khardvun:rendezvous pitch maneuver {n.} ["?-pitch-?"]
dah-da-sfekik gol'dvunek:coaxial relay ["two-?-point help-movement-noun"]
dvunel:motion {biol.}
dvunel-eik'es:range of motion {med.} ["motion-?"]
dvunel-has-mar:kinetosis {med.} ["motion-medical-?"]
na-dvunel:adduction {med.} ["?-motion"]
sa-dvunel:abduction {med.} ["away-from-motion"]
dzharel:/Dzharel/ small, horned, horse-like animal (extinct) {borr.} [/jarel/ in some other Vulcan languages]
eh|heh:and [/eh/ after vowel, /heh/ when standalone or after consonant]
hau:(to) add
haya:addition [inferred]
ex=hayaik pitohlar:additional notes
hayat(-~):augmentative (~) {n.}
hayataya:augmentation [inferred]
thak-hayataya (MGV) | thask-hayataya (TGV):breast augmentation {med.}
hayatayek:augmentor {tech.}
hayat-zhit:augmentative {n.} {gr.} ["augmentative-word"]
eik-~:wide(ly) ~
ek'an:maximum {n.}
ex=:[see /suk/ for ex.]
ek'zer:gem|jewel {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /àh-zèrrh/, meaning roughly "all-value", from a very ancient practice of using gems as monetary units]
Ekkuu-Gollisk:Planar Golic (Vulcan language)
ekon:(a) god
Oekon:God, the Supreme Being
elakh:cable {n.} {tech.}
elakhtra:cabling {n.}
esh:breath [from CLGV /æsk/ and AGV /àξ/]
esh-mev:trachea {med.}|airway {biol.} ["breath(ing)-tube"]
esh-mev-klotaya:airway obstruction {biol.} ["breathe-duct-?"]
esh-tukh:oxygen ["breath(ing)-stuff"]
fezhau-vok t'masu-esh-tukh:dissolved oxygen level {biol.} ["?-? of-water-breathe-stuff"]
# esh-tukh-tuhlek:[see /tuhlek/]
ek'esh-tukh-kupik:euryoxic {adj.} {biol.} ["all-breathe-stuff-?"]
esta:touch {n.}
estuhl:(to) touch [irr. strong v.]
ex=Estuhl sa-kan aluk.:The boy touches the fish.
ex=>Estuhl terrupik khaf - Spohkh.<:"It touches your human blood, Spock." ["Touch Terran blood, Spock."]
etek:we|us (normal mode)
t'etek:our|ours ["of-us"]
etwel:us (formal mode)
oetwel:we|us [when spoken by superiors about themselves, literally "honored we/us"]
k'etwel:with us
ex=:[see /tah/ for ex.]
s'etwel:from us
fa':before|in front of
fa(-)~:fore~|front-~|frontal ~|anterior ~|bow(-)~ {naut.}
fa-wak:future ["fore-time"]
fa-wak glansu:prophet ["future sight-person"; see /glan/]
ofa-wak glansu:The Prophet {hon.}
nenik fa-wak-wis:simple future (tense) ["simple future-tense"]
fai-tukh:knowledge ["know-stuff"]
faik:data [inferred from /faik-vistra/]
# faik-vistra:[see /vistra/]
faka:hernia {n.}
fal(-~):hot ~
falek:heat ["hot-all"]
ex=Nam-tor falek be'yon.:It is warm by the fire. ["Be heat by-fire."]
falek'es:temperature ["hot-all-noun"]
fal-tor:(to) rejoin ["hot-to-do"]
fal-tor-pan:refusion {anc.} [ceremony to rejoin the body and katra]
falun:charge {n.} {elect.}
falun-krus:ion ["charge-part"]
saya-kapol t'falun-krus:ion radiation filter ["?-? of-ion"]
falun-krus-tel:ionic bond {geol.} ["ion-?"]
falun-krus-tukh:electrolyte {med.} ["ion-stuff"]
falun-krus-yeturek:ion drive ["ion-drive"]
a'rak-falun-krus:cation ["positive-ion"]
vukh-masu-rubaisu (s'fezhal-falun-kruslar):osmoconformer ["?-water-? (from-?-ions {pl.})"]
vukh-masu-pakhartausu (s'fezhal-falun-kruslar):osmoregulator ["?-water-? (from-?-ions)"]
falun-shetaya:ionization ["charge-?"]
falun-tersal-el'mish:charge coupled device (CCD) ["charge-?-?"]
a'rak-falun:positive charge {sci.} ["positive-charge"]
shi-raf-falun:electrostatic charge {meteo.} ["place-?-charge"]
u'rak-falun:negative charge {sci.} ["negative-charge"]
fan-vel:anything ["any-thing"]
# fan-yokulsu:[see /yokulsu/]
# hai-fan-wan:[see /fan-wan/]
# hai-fan-wan:[see /wan/]
farr:time (anc., obs.) [only used poetically in Golic Vulcan]
fasei:this (here)
fassu:cook {n.}
fas-tor:(to) cook
ex=Fas-tor opilsu steh natya sazh.:The chef cooks 7 different legumes. ["Cook chef 7 different vegetable."]
fereik:(to) create|invent [inferred]
Ofereiksu:the Creator [deity]
vunai-ferek t'wel-raf-tepul (VFWRT):neuro-electric field generator ["field-generator of-?-?-?"]
leshanik fosh-vunai-ferek (LFVF):portable force field generator ["? ?-field-?"]
wak-vunai-ferek (WVF):temporal field generator ["time-field-?"]
sakwitayek-vunai-ferek (SVF):deflector field generator ["?-field-?"]
fezanikau:(to) forecast
fezanikaya:forecast {n.}
fi'~:on|atop|upon ~
fna'~:through|via|due to
fnashtau:(to) sweep
ex=Fnashtau T'Luki lan-tol.:T'Luki sweeps the floor.
fnash-vel:broom ["sweep-thing"]
fnau-~:tame ~
fnu-ven:hatred {anc.}
fo:shell {anc.}
foshuhl:(to) shed [irr. strong v.]
fulag:lead {n.} [as in a race]
fu-~:proto-~ {sci.}|before|leading ~
fulag-tor:(to) lead
gabuluh:party (celebration) {n.} {rec.}
gad:day [inferred]
ek'gad:all day
nash-gad:today ["this-day"]
ex=Nash-gad Sonok heh T'Luki fi'ar'kadan svi'solai.:Sonok and T'Luki are working in the field today.
gahv-~:purple ~
galat-vulu:angle of heel {e-g-a}
galu:atom {n.}
galu(-~|pik):atomic {adj.}
samuyek t'seshan-galu-gasu:Magnatomic flux chiller ["? of-?-atom-?"]
a'gal:proton|positron ["positive-particle"; see /a'rak/]
a'gal-lushun:proton torpedo ["proton-?"]
tehn-a'gal:antiproton ["anti-proton"]
ha'gal:photon ["light-particle"; inferred, see /ha'gel/]
ha'gal-dataya:photon propulsion
ha'gal-lushun:photon torpedo (photorp)
ha'gal-lushun-mev:photon torpedo tube
ha'gal-lushun-spusayek:photon torpedo launcher
ha'gal-lushun-sutauk:photon(ic) torpedo bay ["photon-torpedo-bay"]
ha'gal-thorshek:photon grenade
na'gal:polaron ["polarity-particle"; see /narak'es/]
na'gal-glashaya:polaron scan
torupik na'gal-glashaya:active polaron scan
na'gal-sayek:polaron emitter
na'gal-vunai:polaron field
pi'gal:particle ["small-part-of-atom"; inferred, see /pi/]
nen-pi'gal:elementary particle|fundamental particle
ritsuri-pi'gal:exotic particle
sih-pi'gal:alpha particle
tih-pi'gal:beta particle
vifalunal-pi'gal:charged particle [inferred]
patalek t'nuk-tepulik vifalunal-pi'gallar:low-energy charged-particle detector ["? of-low-? ?-particles"]
pi'gal-sahrayek:particle accelerator
pi'gal-zehl:particle beam
pi'gal-zehl-mishu:particle beam engine
pu'gal:baryon ["bonded-particle"; see /putel-tor/]
pu'gal-kashek:baryon sensor
pu'gal-su'us:baryon number
ra'gal:hadron [new; see /ras/]
sahr'gal:tachyon ["fast-particle"; from /sahris/]
sahr'gal-glashayek:tachyon scanner
sahr'gal-vunai:tachyon field
sahr'gal-zehl:tachyon beam
ska'gal:neutrino ["particle-that-is-given-off"; see /skahalan/]
thahk-ska'gal-zehl(ek):coherent neutrino beam
ta'gal:neutron ["neutral-particle"; see /ta'raf/]
ta'gal-thorshek:neutron bomb
thor'gal:thoron [inferred]
leshanik thor'gal-ferek:portable thoron generator (PTG) ["portable thoron-?"]
thor'gal-kolau-sayek:thoron shock emitter ["?-shock-?"]
u'gal(ik):electron ["negative-particle"; see /u'rak/]
u'galik numo-zan-vel:electron microscope
u'gal-fo:electron shell
u'gal-glashaun:electron scanning
u'gal-ha'zehl:electron beam ["electron-beam"]
u'gal-kusilau-glashayek (UKG):electron resonance scanner
u'gal-pohshek:electron gun
u'gal-salash:electron stream
u'gal-shif:electron pair ["electron-pair"]
u'gal-shivak:electron mass
u'gal-thorshkau-kwitek:electron bombardment thruster
u'gal-yumau-tal:electronics {edu.}
u'gal-zehl-mev:cathode ray tube (CRT)
el-u'gal:free electron
razh-u'gal-shif:exciton ["?-electron-pair"]
tehn-u'gal:positron ["anti-electron"]
wak'gal:chroniton ["time-particle"; see /wak/]
wak'gal-zehl(ek):chroniton beam
galutravek:molecule ["atom-there-?"]
galutravek-glakuv-glashayek:molecular imaging scanner (MIS) ["atom-there-?-?-?"]
ne-galu-feshelek:subatomic disrupter
galu-dahshaya:(nuclear) fission
galu-dahshau-folayek:fission reactor
galu-dahshau-torvak:fission product ["atom-separate-?"]
galu-dahshau-yehat:fissionable {adj.}
galu-dataya:nuclear propulsion
galu-folayek:nuclear reactor
galu-kaunshaya:(nuclear) fusion {phys.}
galu-kaunshau-folayek:fusion reactor
galu-kaunshau-thorshek:fusion bomb
galu-mesurubah:atomic transmutation
galu-pa'ashtra:atomic plane
galu-raf-dataya:nuclear-electric propulsion (NEP)
galu-rasath:atomic weight
galu-sagauk yon-hashek:nuclear pulse rocket
galu-sakuvu:atomic radius
(galu-)saya-saikhut:Radiation suit (radsuit)
galu-shivak:atomic mass
galu-su'us:atomic number
galu-tepul:atomic energy
galu-tepul-torvayek:nuclear power plant
galu-thorshek:atomic (fission) bomb
galu-velek:atomic structure
galu-wak-wel:atomic clock
galu-wun:atomic|nuclear weapon
galk:radical {chem.} [inferred]
el-galk:free radical {chem.}
gel:branch|path|segment {n.}
gen-lis:language {anc.}
gen-lis-tal:linguistics ["language-study"]
gish:(to) expect
ex=Gish etek fa-gad lasha.:They expect to arrive tomorrow. ["Expect they tomorrow to-arrive."]
ex=>Gishen worla ihk-banut.<:"He's never what I expect." ["What-is-expected never the-one-of-which-is-spoken."]
glan:sight {anc.} [from CLGV /glann/ and AGV /glánh/]
glantau:(to) watch
ex=Glantal Stonn tevyan-morlar taman svi'salan.:Stonn watched the falling leaves dancing in the wind. ["Watched Stonn falling-leaves dancing in-wind."]
toglantau:(to) witness
glan-fam-~:blind ~ ["sight-without"]
glan-fam'es:blindness {med.}
# fa-wak glansu:[see /fa-wak/]
mathra-glayek:disk camera
glayek-el'torausu:cameraman|camera operator
raf-glayek:electric eye
gla-tor:(to) see
ex=Vesht gla-tor Sonok kus-vakh - dunap - ha'fek heh math.:Sonok saw a bell, book, candle and plate.
ex=Vesht gla-tor nash-veh sehlat na'svep.:I saw a sehlat at the door. ["Saw this-one sehlat at-door."]
gla-~:optical {tech.}
glozho:elixir {anc.}
glu-masu-shal:benthic zone ["deep-water-zone"]
glu-masu-tin t'suk'muzh:hypolimnion ["deep-water-layer of-lake"]
gluvau:(to) display [inferred]
(gluvau-)math:panel (display) ["(display-)board"]
per-gluvaya:play (n.; performance of drama or comedy, etc.)
gluvayek:display|monitor|viewer|viewscreen {aero.} {n.}
nel-gluvayek:main viewer {tech.}
su-shi-gluvayek:personnel locator display ["person-place-display"]
tum-vel-gluvayek:computer display ["tally(ing)-thing-display"; see /tum-vel/]
gluvayek t'saga-glanum-mathralar (GSGM):Digital Video Disc (DVD) player ["display of-?-?-?"]
gnal:tumor {med.} [inferred]
gnal-tal:oncology {med.}
mev-gnal:angioma {med.} ["pipe-tumor"]
shad-gnal:brain|cerebral tumor {med.} ["brain-tumor"]
slah-gnal:fibroid tumor ["fiber-tumor"]
Gol-Vuhlkansu:Golic Vulcan
golik:Golic (standalone)
gol'nev:aid|help {n.} [probably not coincidence that GV words with "gol" have to do with "help", "access", and "relay"; people would study with Gol masters for help (controlling their emotions) and insight (philosophy, science)]
gol-tor:(to) aid|help {n.}
gonaf:button {n.}
guv-kozauk vel-zhitlar:gender-specific nouns
ha:yes [from {obs.} for "fire"]
ex=Olau tu has-bosh ha.:Are you feeling ill? ["Feel you ill yes."]
ex=Gla-tor du dunap t'Sonok ha.:Do you see Sonok's book? ["See you book of-Sonok yes."]
ex=Ma sa-kan heh ko-kan san-zhellar ha.:"Do the boy and girl have belts?" ["Have boy and girl belts yes."]
ex=Yokul kosu yarmok ha.:Does the woman eat salad? ["Eat woman salad yes."]
ex=Yokul sasu kahm ha.:Does the man eat meat? ["Eat man meat yes."]
ha'gel:light {n.} ["fire-branch"; see /gel/]
ha'gel-rubah-dvun:phototaxis {biol.} ["light-change-movement"]
ha'gel-slah-elakh:fiber-optic cable {tech.} ["light-?-cable"]
ha'fek:candle(stick) ["fire stick"]
ha'kiv:life {anc.} ["fire-noun"; "fire of being"]
hasu:being {n.} ["life-person"]
ha-tor:(to) live {anc.} ["burn-being"; from CLGV /hahthor/ and AGV /hahdhórh/; see /plak-tau/]
ex=Ha-tor Sonok heh T'Luki svi'pi'kelek svi'suk'solai.:Sonok and T'Luki live in the small house on the big field.
# ha-guhsh:[see /guhsh/]
ha-vel:organism ["life-thing"]
ha'su:angel {n.} {anc.} ["fire-person"]
haran:fire beast {anc.} {myth.}
ha-vol(-~):tall ~
ex=Ha-vol Beituh'zedsu glan-fam heh pen Vuhlkansu zhu-fam.:The tall Betazoid is blind and the short Vulcan is deaf.
ki'haf:basket {anc.} ["have-gap"?; originally a compound word]
pi'haf:follicle ["small-gap"]
sa'haf:bladder {bot.}|pouch {n.} {zool.} ["outward-gap"]
sov-sa'haf:air bladder {biol.} ["air-bladder"]
vazh-sa'haf:bladder {anat.} {TGV}
vazhaf:bladder {anat.} {MGV}
rihag(-~|ik):hard (not easy)
halan:voyage|going {n.} {ger.}
ex=Halan na'krani - toglantal T'Pau tevul t'ifis-hali.:Going to the window, T'Pau witnessed the crash of the transport. ["Going to-window, witnessed T'Pau crash of-transport."]
abunuhalan:pitch (n.) {aero.}
ra'abunuhal:pitchover (n.) {aero.}
abunuhal-tor:(to) pitch {aero.} ["up-down-go"; see /abu/ and /nu/]
ak'hal-tor:(to) go soon ["soon-go"; see /ak'/]
fabehal-tor:(to) pass|overtake ["in-front-of-next-go"; see /fa'/ and /be'/]
nahalan:going-towards, towards-going
nahal-tor:(to) go towards ["towards-go"; see /na'/]
rishihalan:yaw {n.} {aero.} ["not-place-going"]
rishihal-tor:(to) yaw {aero.} ["not-place-go-to-do"]
skahalan:getting-off of|disembarkation
skahal-tor:(to) get off of|disembark ["off-go"; see /ska'/]
ex=Skahal-tor T'Pol shan-hali.:T'Pol gets off the shuttlecraft. ["Get-off T'Pol shuttlecraft."]
zahalan (k'):followed (by)
zahal-tor:(to) follow ["behind-go"; see /za'/]
ex=Zahal-tor pi'Sonok os nesh-sehlat fna'masupik solai na'fau-yut.:Little Sonok follows the old black /sehlat/ through the wet field to the road.
halek:wheel {n.} ["go-all"; see /ek/]
halitra:fleet ["vehicle-mass", meaning a large group of vehicles]
Yel-Halitra:Starfleet ["star-fleet"]
hali-kel:hangar ["vehicle-structure"]
belk-hali:scout vessel {aero.} ["?-ship"]
ifis-hali:transport (vessel)|freighter {n.} ["transport-ship"]
kla-hil-hali:research vessel ["research-ship"]
masu-hali:boat ["water-vehicle"]
ne-masu-hali:submarine ["under-water-vehicle"]
shan-hali:shuttle ["transfer-ship"]
stukh-hali:spaceship|spacecraft ["space-vehicle"]
thorshek-hali:bomber {aero.} ["?-ship"]
thorshek-hali-travek:bomber group (BG) {aero.} ["?-ship-group"]
thorshek-hali-suk'travek:bomber wing (BW) {aero.} ["?-ship-big-group"]
yel-hali:starship ["star-vehicle"]
halovau:(to) travel|journey
halovausu:traveler ["travel-person"]
halovaya:travel {TGV}|journey {n.}
weh-sahr-ha'gelik halovaya:faster-than-light (FTL) travel ["more-fast-light travel"]
halovau-tvi'haf:travel pod {aero.} ["travel-inter-gap"]
mashalovau:(to) sail ["water-travel", see /masu/]
samashalovau:(to) sail away
samashalovaun:sailing away
ex=Pehkal kanlar heh glantal masu-hali samashalovaun.:The children stopped and watched the boat sail away. ["Stopped children and watched boat away-sailing."]
samashalovaya:away-sailing|sailing-away {n.}
hal-tor:(to) voyage|go|proceed ["voyage-to-do"; from CLGV /hahlthor/ and AGV /hlahdhórh/]
ex=Hal-tor Sonak na'ar'kada.:Sonak is going to work.|Sonak goes to work. ["Goes Sonak to work"; do not use gerund in GV]
mahal-tor:(to) swim ["water-go"; see /masu/]
dvunel-pi'harr:flagellum ["motion-small-?"]
dvunel-pi'harr-famik:aflagellar {ocean.} ["motion-small-?-without-adjective"]
has-~:medical ~
has-bosh(-~):ill|sick ~
hash:flight (act of flying) {n.}
hashkaf:stage {n.} {aero.}
weh-abu-hashkaf:upper stage {n.} {aero.} ["?-upper-stage"]
kahla-fishyanik weh-abu-hashkaf:inertial upper stage (IUS) {aero.} ["?-? ?-upper-stage"]
dahshaya t'weh-abu-hashkaf:upper stage separation {aero.} ["separation of-?-upper-stage"]
vravshaya t'weh-abu-hashkaf:upper stage failure {aero.} ["failure of-?-upper-stage"]
yonan t'weh-abu-hashkaf:upper stage ignition {aero.} ["fire? of-?-upper-stage"]
yontau-pehkaya t'weh-abu-hashkaf:upper stage burnout {aero.} ["fire?-stop of-?-upper-stage"]
hashkaf-tor:(to) stage {aero.}
hashsu-shal:cockpit {aero.} ["pilot-zone"]
ohashsu:ace|expert pilot
hash-tor:(to) fly
hif-bi:to me (TGV)
hish:print {n.} (device)
hishek:printer (device)
hish-tor:(to) print
kla-hil:research {n.}
ek'tal-kla-hil:scientific research ["science-research"]
kla-hil-kebitra:research facility ["research-?-there"]
kla-hil-tor:(to) research ["research-to-do"]
hinek:bone {n.}
rihinek:cartilage {biol.} ["not-bone"]
rihinek-gnal:chondroma {med.} ["cartilage-tumor"]
rihinek-pleshek:cartilage crusher {med.}
ahs-hinek:jawbone {arch.}
abru-ahs|-hinek|:maxilla {n.} {ocean.}
nuk-ahs|-hinek|:mandible {n.} {ocean.}
fu-pla'hinek-zehl:notochord {med.} ["leading-back-bone-line"]
hinek-tukh:calcium ["bone-stuff"]
(ritsuri-)nuk-nosh t'hinek-tukh svi'khaf:hypocalcemia {med.} ["(irregular-)low-condition of-calcium in-blood"]
hitra-~:media ~
Hitra-Zukitan:Media Script (Vulcan writing script)
hizh-~:quiet ~
ex=Nesh-sehlat heh pla-kushel pi eh hizhuk.:The black sehlat and the blue bird are small and quiet.
hnuh-~:low ~
Hnuh-Mershahki:Low Mershaki (Vulcan language)
ho-~:ritual {adj.}
ex=>T'Ish hokni'es kwi'shoret --<:"This consciousness calling to you from space …" ["Of-that consciousness from-far-away-calling …"]
hutau:(to) shock
po-hutau:produce an aftershock
i'~:~ now|at this moment
ex=I'aitlu nash-veh trasha.:I want to leave now. ["Now-wants this-one to-leave."]
ex=Ri i'aitlu etek trasha.:We do not want to leave now. ["Not now-want we to-leave."]
ex=I'bolau Soval oren-tor uf hash-tor.:Soval needs to learn how to fly now. ["Now-needs Soval to-learn how to-fly."]
ex=I'vasha'uh skyem-kushel Rihansu..:Destroy the Romulan bird-of-prey now! ["Now-destroy bird-of-prey Romulan!"]
i'lasha:(to) arrive now
t'i:(as) of now
ex=>T'I kilko-srashiv kitok-wilat.<:"His answer lies elsewhere." ["(Is) of-now answer(-achievement) elsewhere."]
ex=Tishau ko-veh pelal if.:Which robe does she like? ["Like female-one robe which."]
ex=Tishau weh-rom ash'ailar if.:Which socks do you like better? ["Like better socks which."]
ifis:transportation {n.}
ifis-tor:(to) transport ["transport to-do"]
igen:sky {n.}
ihk-banut:the one of which is spoken
ikap:(to) close
ex=Ikap'uh svep..:Close the door!
ip-sut:(to) hide [irr. strong v.]
ex=Ip-sut nesh-kur teresh-kah svi'laptra.:The black /teresh-kah/ bird is hiding in the forest.
ip-sutan:hiding {ger.}
ip-sui:hiding {n.}
irak-yet:far enough ["far-driven"]
nuh'irak:too far
irak-nahik:telepathic ["far-?"]
is:use {n.}
nisan:examination|test {n.}
nis-tor:(to) test
is-fam-~:useless ["use-without"]
is-tor:(to) use
isan:using {ger.}
neis-tor:(to) use up
neis:using-up {n.}
ish-~:that ~
ish-veh:he|she|it ["that-one"; preferred in MGV]
ex=>Ish-veh ni komihn.<:"He's so human." ["That-one so human."]
oish-veh:he|she [about a superior or honored person, "honored that-one"]
ex=>Isha nash-veh Vuhlkansu - pontal na'sochya.<:"I too am a Vulcan, bred to peace." ["Also this-one Vulcan, bred for-peace."]
isachya:hair (multiple strands)
iyi-~:modern ~
Iyi-Gol-Vuhlkansu:Modern Golic Vulcan (Vulcan language)
Iyi-Golik:Modern Golic
k'~:with|by ~
k'kan:pregnant ["with-child"]
k'kan-wak:pregnancy ["with-child-time"]
ka(-~):same ~
ka-ni-fur:/Ka-ni-fur/ (first ritual of maturity) {anc.}
ka vah:(the) same as
ex=Nam-tor dvalar t'du ri ka vah t'au.:Your beliefs are not the same as theirs.
ka'athaira:/ka'athyra/ (Vulcan lute)
kai:? ["step"?]
kar-an-zhi:/Karanji/ (cactus-like plant; anc.) [/ka-ranji/ in other Vulcan languages]
kari-~:strong ~
kari-tor-zhitlar:strong verbs
kahm:meat {n.}
# kahm-yokulsu:[see /yokul/]
kaluk:ear {n.} {anc.}
ne-kaluk:earlobe {anat.}
svitan-kaluk:middle ear {anat.}
tvi-kaluk:inner ear {anat.}
kal-tor:(to) allow|let ["lending an ear", "listen to so."]
ex=>Kal-tor palikau.<:"Let it commence." ["Allow to-commence."]
kaluk-kusut:earache ["ear-?"]
kaluk-ruskarayek:ear forceps
kanu:children (TGV)
kanlar:children (MGV)
karplak:bravery|courage {anc.}
kas(-~|(t)ik):plant(-related) (general term)
kastkau:(to) plant
kastkaya:planting {n.}
nuk-masu'es-kastik:xerophyte {biol.}
nuk-masu'es-kasik:xeric {adj.} {biol.}
pid-masu'es-kastik:hydrophyte ["high-moisture-plant"]
pid-masu'es-kasik:hydric {adj.} ["high-moisture-plant-related"]
pid-samek-kastik:hekistotherm ["high-cold-plant-related"]
ul-neshuhk-kastik:partial parasite {bot.} ["partial-parasite-plant"]
# kastik-goh-yokulsu:[see /yokul/]
kastra:flora|vegetation {biol.} ["plant-there"]
kas-elakh:vine {n.}
kas-fek:stem {n.} ["plant-stick"]
kas-gel:(bush) branch ["plant-branch"; cf. /lap-gel/]
kas-khaf:sap {bot.} ["plant-blood"]
kas-yar-kurek:chlorophyll ["plant-green-color-all"]
kas-wan-tukh:latex ["plant-white-stuff"]
kashek:mind {n.}
kashkau (TGV):minds
ex=>Kashkau - Spohkh - wuhkuh eh teretuhr.<:"Our minds, one and together." ["Minds, Spock, one and together."]
mapi-kashek:very small mind [insult]
ya'akash:(to) ask {anc.}
kash-naf:mind meld
kash-ral:sense {n.}
kash-tor:(to) sense
kash-tok:intelligent ["intellect(-adj.)"]
sutor-kash-tok'es:artificial intelligence (AI) ["artificial?-intelligence"]
katau:(to) bring [inferred]
sakatau:(to) bring out
kau:5 {enum.}|wisdom {anc.}
ex=Ma tu kau ha'fek.:You have 5 candles. ["Have you 5 candle."]
kau'rak:5th (TGV)
kaur-~:5th ~
kaukuh:5 {card.}
kauyik:5 {adj.}
kaunshaya:unity [inferred]
ke~:against ~
kef(-~|ik):emergency ~
kef-ha'kiv-nenikaya (KHN):emergency life support {med.} ["emergency-life-?"]
kef-has-dvintra (KHD):emergency medical service (EMS)
kef-has-dvintrasu (KHDsu):emergency medical technician (EMT)
kef-fisolekau-mal:emergency landing leg ["emergency-on-?-leg"]
kef-ifisek:emergency transporter ["emergency-transport-all"]
kef-kipof-shal:emergency battery room ["emergency-?-zone"]
kef-tanilau-mev t'igen-pa-tukh:emergency atmospheric gas feed ["emergency-?-duct of-sky-gas"]
kef-thro-svep:emergency hatch ["emergency-?-door"]
# kef-tuhlau-vis:emergency containment grid [see /tuhlau/]
kef-rishan-tsorayek:emergency survival compartment ["emergency-?-?"]
kef-tvi-shal:emergency room (ER) ["emergency-?-zone"]
kefik tehn-sesh-kwitek:emergency anti-grav thruster ["emergency anti-?-?"]
keful-tukh:opsonin ["?-stuff"]
# prah-vel t'kef-kluhvaya:emergency flush intake [see /kluhvau/]
# kef-kluhvau-krau:emergency flush vent [see /kluhvau/]
keh:four {enum.}
ex=Dvin-tor sa-kan keh yerak t'shur t'plomik.:The boy serves four bowls of /plomeek/ soup. ["Serve boy four bowl of-soup of-plomik."]
keh'rak:fourth (TGV)
kehik:four {adj.}
kehkuh:four {card.}
kel:building {n.}
ha-kel:home ["life-building"; see /ha'kiv/]
kemeskarau:(to) hold against
kemeskaraya:against-holding {n.}
khaf-spol:heart ["blood-pump"]
dah-sfek-kharat:bearing (direction) {naut.} ["two-point-direction"]
khav-~:brown ~
khr(a)~:(mild invective) [like "dang", "darn", "damn", "bloody"; *avoid*]
ex=Ertau khrasehlat nash-veh.:The darn sehlat is bothering me. ["Bothers darn sehlat this-one"]
ex=Glan-famau khraikum etek..:The damn moon is blinding us! ["Blinds damn moon us!"]
khrash-~:violent ~
ex=Tlingansu khrashik hi Deltasu sochya-bosh.:The Klingon is violent but the Deltan is peaceful.
khrikh(a)~:~ (severe invective) [like using scatological words and other vulgarities; *avoid*]
ex=Stal khrikhale-matya ulef t'dzharellar t'etek..:The @#$%& le-matya killed half of our /jarels/! ["Killed @#$%& le-matya half of-jarels of-us!"]
ex=Nam-tor khrikhigen-va knuk nash-gad..:The @#$%& weather is lousy today! ["Is @#$%& weather lousy today!"]
ki'~:have ~ (perfect past form)
ex=ki'gla-tor du:you have seen
ex=ki'tishal etek:we have liked
ex=Ki'gla-tor du dukal ha.:Have you seen the ball? ["Have seen you ball yes."]
ex=Ki'gla-tor dular yellar.:You {pl.} saw the stars. ["Have seen you {pl.} stars."]
ex=Ki'hal-tor Sonok na'kahr.:Sonok has gone to the town.
ex=Ki'haloval au k'ashiv na'Shi'Kahr klepovau.:They have traveled to Shi'Kahr to shop. ["Have traveled they to-Shi'Kahr to-shop."]
ex=Ki'yaretal tomasular t'du eshikh.:Your relatives have visited the desert. ["Have visited relatives of-you desert."]
ex=Ki'yokul du aru-yem ha.:Have you eaten dinner? ["Have eaten you dinner yes."]
ex=Vesht dungi ki'kital nash-veh.:I would/should have written. ["Would have written this-one."]
kil:spark {n.}
kil-tor:(to) spark
kilko:answer {n.}
ex=:[see /t'i/]
kim(-shah):last {adj.}
kitau:(to) write [reg. strong v.]
kital:written (by)
kitaya:writing {n.}
klashau:(to) guard
ex=Klashau sehlat pla-kur svep.:The /sehlat/ is guarding the blue door.
klachek:lock {n.}
klacha:(to) lock [irr. strong v.]
ex=Klacha ko-kan svep.:The boy locks the door.
klachu:(to) lock {aero.} [to be zeroed on in]
klau-bosh(-~):harmful ~
klepovau:(to) shop
ex=>Kling akhlami buhfik - Saavik-kam.<:"Nobody's perfect, Saavik." ["Not-one among-us perfect, Saavik-(affection)."]
nu-kliton:down-arrow (" ↓ ") [used as the asterisk is used in FSE with a bottom-of-the-page note]
kloshah:(to) behave
kluf:boot {n.}
kluhvau:(to) flush
kluhvaya:flush {n.}
kef-kluhvaya:emergency flush ["?-flush"; inferred, see /kef/]
prah-vel t'kef-kluhvaya:emergency flush intake
kef-kluhvau-krau:emergency flush vent
klun:collision {anc.} {obs.} [inferred]
klu-tor:(to) collide {anc.} {obs.} [inferred]
klunyau:(to) ram
klunyanuhp:embolon {arch.} {mil.} ["ram-thought"; flying wedge formation]
klunyaya:ram {n.} {aero.}
klunyayek:ram {n.}
klunyavush:ramjet ["ramming-jet"; see /vush/]
maweh-klunyavush:scramjet ["?-ramjet"]
sva-yel-klunyavush:interstellar ramjet ["?-star-ramjet"]
sva-yel-klunyavush t'Bussard:Bussard interstellar ramjet ["?-star-ramjet of-Bussard"]
klunya-tavat:ram ratio {aero.} ["ram-?"]
klunya-vetsaya:ram recovery {aero.} ["ram-?"]
klunya-vihish:ram pressure {aero.} ["ram-pressure"]
ko-kan:girl ["female-child"]
oko-mekh:mother ["honored mother"]
ko-veh:she ["female-one"; TGV]
ex=Nem-tor sa-kan dukal t'ko-veh.:The boy takes her ball.
ex=Yokul le-matya svailar t'ko-veh.:The /le-matya/ eats her flowers.
kosu:woman ["female-person"]
oko(su):lady|madam ["honored woman"]
ex=T'Luki reh'rak ko-telsu t'nash-veh.:T'Luki is my third wife. ["T'Luki third wife of-this-one."]
kobat:weak [from /ko/ "female"?]
kobat-tor-zhitlar:weak verbs
Kol-Ut-Shan:/Kol-Ut-Shan/ (IDIC symbol) ["?-transfer"]
kolau:(to) shock [inferred]
kolau-tviyan t'nel'ashayek:replicator memory core ["shock-? of-?"]
kolaya:shock {n.} [inferred]
pid-folau-kolaya:anaphylactic shock ["?-?-shock"]
kwul-kolaya:concussion ["?-shock"]
raf-kolaya:electric(al) shock ["?-shock"]
komihn:human {adj.}
komihnsu:human {n.}
ten-abul-komihnsu:homo erectus {arch.} ["?-vertical-human"]
korsau:(to) conserve [inferred]
nala-korsau-haf:vacuole ["cell-conserve-bag"]
ne-solektra-korsayek:tuber ["sub-ground-conserver"]
ex=>Sha'koshtri korseivel bai'elkhrul-akteibuhl t'Kolinahr.<:"Our race was saved by attainment of Kolinahr." ["Our-own-race saved through-entire-attaining of-Kolinahr."]
kov:rock|stone [Kov was the name of a Vulcan engineer in "Star Trek: Enterprise"]
karf-kov:aggregate {n.} {geol.}
karf-tor:(to) aggregate {geol.}
ha-guhsh-kov:organic rock {geol.} ["life-debris-rock"; see /ha-gush/]
ul-kohvik mazhiv-kov:quartzose sandstone {geol.} ["partial-? sand-stone"]
thas-yon-kov:opal {geol.} ["milk-fire-rock"]
kraffaya:abort {n.} {aero.}
krahkra:it is nothing {anc.}
kraisek:cage {n.}
krani:window {n.}
kras:paint {n.}
kras-tor:(to) paint
krau:vent {n.} {aero.}
kraulaya:ventilation [inferred]
a'rak-vihish-kraulaya:positive pressure ventilation (PPV) ["positive-pressure-?"]
sakrau-tor:(to) vent {aero.}
kres-~:aggressive ~
krus:part|piece|component {n.}
krusol:state {pol.} ["part-ground"]
natel-raltvah-kurs:bound morpheme {gr.}
k'torr:completely lacking {anc.}
v'tash k'torr:/v'tash k'torr/ ("Vulcans without logic") ["self-control completely-lacking", falsely transcribed /v'tosh ka'tur/; Vulcans who attempt to integrate emotions in their lives]
kuht t'sehlat:herd of /sehlats/ ["herd of /sehlat/"]
kum:catch {n.}
kum-tor:(to) catch|capture {aero.}
ex=Kum-tor yon-kur le-matya os teresh-kah fi'yut.:The red /le-matya/ catches the old /teresh-kah/ bird on the path.
kumfa:catcher [animal]
ravot-kumfa:insect-catcher (small bird) ["insect-catch-animal"]
kumsu:catcher [person, e.g. in a ballgame]
kun-ut-travek:marriage party
kup:can {v.}
ex=Kup kitau nash-veh.:I am able to write. ["Can write this-one."]
ex=Kup uralau du.:You can/are able to sing. ["Can sing you."]
ex=Kup hash-tor nash-veh.:I can fly. ["can fly this-one."]
ex=Kup mahal-tor etek ha.:Are we able to swim? ["Can swim we yes."]
ex=Kup mavau Sonok heh T'Luki ralash-tanaf.:Sonok and T'Luki are able to play music.
ex=Kup ip-sut dzharel svi'eshikh.:The /dzharel/ can hide in the desert.
kupi:could have|would have|should have
ex=Kupi ki'kital nash-veh.:I could have written. ["Could have written this-one."]
ex=Kupi ki'yetur nash-veh.:I could have driven.
ex=Kupi ki'sarlah kanlar t'dular na'ha-kel.:Your {pl.} children could have come home. ["Could have-come children of-you {pl.} to-home."]
ex=Kupi ki'dvel-tor au wuh'ashiv dunap ha.:Could they have chosen another book? ["Could have-chosen they another book yes."]
ex=Kupi ki'tam-tor Kardassu ek'gad.:The Cardassian could have danced all day.
kup-~:(to) be able (to) ~
ex=:[see /stariben/]
ex=Vesht dungi ki'kital du kuv ma wak.:You would have written if you had time. ["Would have written you if have time."]
ex=Vesht dungi ki'kitau ish-veh kuv ma wak.:He/she would have written if he/she had time.
ex=Vesht dungi ki'yokul ten-mal Sonok kuv tor-yehat.:Sonok would have eaten early if (it had been) possible.
ex=Vesht dungi ki'kum-tor mor-gril etek kuv vohris.:The /mor-gril/ would have caught us if we had been slow.
kuvol:contingency {n.} {aero.}
vunai-kuvoran:field winding {aero.}
mokuv:ring ["enclosure"; /mo/ may be omitted in compound words?]
mokuv-zul-mev:ring dike {geol.} ["ring-lava-duct"]
nuk-vikuvtra:cay|key {ocean.} ["low-?"]
viikuftra-~:insular ~
Viikuftra-Golik:Insular Golic (Vulcan language)
ret'kuv:washer (spacer) {auto.} ["?-?"]
klacha-ret'kuv:lock washer {n.} {auto.}
da-kuv(~-|ik):circular [inferred]
da-kuv-zuneshek:circular saw ["?-?-?"]
da-kuvau-~:circulating [inferred]
va'ash-da-kuvaya:recirculation ["?-?-circulation"]
va'ash-da-kuvaya t'saguhsh-pa-tukh:exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) ["?-?-circulation of-?-gas"; inferred]
vidvun-fek-pakuv t'va'ash-da-kuvaya t'saguhsh-pa-tukh:exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) solenoid ["?-?-? of-?-?-circulation of-?-gas"]
torektra t'va'ash-da-kuvaya t'saguhsh-pa-tukh:exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system ["system of-?-?-circulation of-?-gas"]
spunek t'va'ash-da-kuvaya t'saguhsh-pa-tukh:exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve ["system of-?-?-circulation of-?-gas"]
da-kuvayek:circulator {aero.}
da-kuvau-spol:circulating pump
dahs-da-kuv:equator ["?-?-?"]
dahs-da-kuv(-~|ik}:equatorial [inferred]
Dahs-Da-Kuvik Gihni:Equatorial Guinea
dahs-da-kuvik pa-yut:equatorial orbit {aero.}
terk-da-kuv:bolt circle {tech.} ["?-?-?"]
kur-kuv:areola {med.}
raf-kuv:circuit {tech.}
raf-kuv t'ralash-netakidaya:noise reduction circuit (NRC) ["circuit of-sound-?"]
raf-kuv t'vunai-khlop-thon:field geometry circuit {tech.} ["circuit of-field-?-measurement"]
raf-kuvtra:circuitry ["circuit-there"]
fukat-raf-kuv:buffer circuit ["?-circuit"]
ka-zehlik fukat-raf-kuv:isolinear buffer circuit (IBC) ["iso-linear ?-circuit"]
ikap-raf-kuv:closed circuit {n.} {aero.} ["?-circuit"]
khartayik tehnyak-raf-kuv:command override circuit ["? anti-?-circuit"]
vifalun-raf-kuv:charging circuit ["?-circuit"]
visatilau-raf-kuv:encryption circuit ["?-circuit"]
feretai t'visatilau-raf-kuv:encryption circuit assembly ["? of-?-circuit"]
raf-kuv-gol'dvunek:circuit relay ["circuit-?-?"]
raf-kuv-shayek:circuit breaker ["circuit-break-all"]
raf-kuv-threshan:circular velocity ["circuit-?"]
yel-halek-kuv:galactic circle ["galactic-?"]
kuvish:bearing {n.} {mech.}
kuvish t'ok-fek-leshek:camshaft carrier bearing {auto.}
dukal-kuvish:ball bearing {auto.}
kur:color {n.}
kurau:(to) color
mu-kur-tukh:melanin ["?-color-stuff"]
sash-kur-tukh:acidic dye ["acidic-color-stuff"]
kus-vakh:bell {n.} ["bird-bold" in the sense of "boldly bird-imitating"?; see /vakh/]
k'kvai'ei:through which {TGV} [rare]
kwai:wild {n.}
kwi'~:from a distance|from far away
kwi-~:tele~ [rare; see /irak-~/]
ex=Gish ko-veh nash-gad la'lasha.:She expects to arrive here today. ["Expects she today here-arrive."]
lasha:(to) arrive {irr. strong v.} ["here-transfer"]
ex=Lasha kanlar heh sehlat na'yon-kur svep.:The children and the /sehlat/ arrive at the red door.
lashan:arrival ["here-transfer-noun"]
lashayan:arriving {ger.}
la'ash:axe {anc.} [originally a compound word]
lafosh:error {n.} {anc.}
lafot:fault (defect) {n.} {aero.}
lafot-nisaya:fault analysis {aero.} ["fault-?"]
lafot-patalan - -sameskaraya eh vetsaya (LP-S|V):Fault Detection, Isolation and Recovery (FDIR) ["fault-?, ? and ?"]
lafot-ufesan:fault tree {aero.} ["fault-?"]
lafot-wivel'es:fault tolerance ["fault-?"]
lan:rank [inferred]
ne-lan:cadet ["under-rank"]
ot-lan:lieutenant ["?-rank"]
lanet:bottom {geo.}
lapek:boom (beam, pole) {n.} {aero.}
laptra:forest ["tree-there"]
lap-gel:(tree) branch|tree segment [see /gel/]
ex=Lau tal-tor nash-veh yut fa-gad.:I might find the way tomorrow. ["Might find this-one way tomorrow."]
le-matya:/Le(-)matya/ (large, venomous desert predator) {anc.}
le-suma:ice {anc.}
dvunan-koval k'le-suma:rock glacier ["moved-rock? by-ice"]
(dvun-)le-sumatra:glacier ["moving-ice-there"]
dvun-le-sumatra t'kunel-nen:piedmont glacier ["moving-ice-there of-?-?"]
dvun-le-sumatra t'ku-li:valley glacier ["moving-ice-there of-?"]
hafau-kov s'dvun-le-sumatra:erratic {n.} ["?-rock from-moving-ice-there"]
razh s'dvun-le-sumatra:kettle {geol.} ["? from-moving-ice-there"]
razh-suk'muzh s'dvun-le-sumatra:kettle lake {geol.} ["?-big-? from-moving-ice-there"]
titaya-kunel s'dvun-le-sumatra:delta kame ["?-? from-moving-ice-there"]
ku-li s'dvun-le-sumatra:glacial valley ["?-? from-moving-ice-there"]
kim-kov-guhsh s'dvun-le-suma:terminal moraine ["?-rock-debris from-moving-ice-there"]
pa'ash-guhsh-solek s'dvun-le-suma:ground moraine ["?-?-?-? from-moving-ice-there"]
vla-kov-guhsh s'dvun-le-suma:lateral moraine {geol.} ["?-rock-debris from-moving-ice-there"]
rukhaul s'rasath t'dvun-le-sumatra:glacial rebound ["? from-? of-moving-ice-there"]
dvun-le-sumatraik tral:glacier surge ["moving-ice-there-related ?"]
dvun-le-sumatraik zehl-ulidar:glacial striation ["moving-ice-there-related striation"]
le-sumatra-salan:glacier wind {meteo.} ["ice-there-wind"]
le-sumau:(to) freeze
le-sumalik:frozen {adj.}
le-sumalik asal-masu:frozen dew ["frozen morning-water"]
le-sumalik sov-masu:sleet|ice pellets ["frozen rain"]
le-sumalik sov-masu-vikaya:sleet warning ["frozen rain-warning"; see /sov-masu/ and /vikaya/]
le-sumaunik:freezing [inferred]
le-sumaunik pi'sov-masu:freezing drizzle {meteo.} ["freezing small-rain"; see /sov-masu/]
le-sumaunik ihsek:freezing fog {meteo.} ["freezing ?"]
le-sumaunik sov-masu:freezing rain ["freezing rain"; see /sov-masu/]
le-sumaya:freeze {n.}
svitan-vel t'le-sumaya:freezing nucleus ["?-thing of-freeze"]
le-sumau-sfek:freezing point ["freeze-point"]
le-sumau-vok:freezing level ["freeze-?"]
le-sumayek:freezer {tech.} ["freeze-all"]
le-suma-eiktra:ice shelf ["ice-?"]
le-suma-haki:ice hockey ["ice-hockey"; borr. from FSE]
le-suma-ihsek:ice fog ["ice-?"]
le-suma-khush:ice crystal ["ice-?"]
le-suma-kunel:pingo {geol.} ["ice-?"]
le-suma-marshak:(ice) floe {ocean.} ["ice-?"]
bali le-suma-marshak:heavy floe {ocean.} ["thick ice-?"; see /bali/]
le-suma-luhdin|izh-luhdin:nieve penitente {meteo.} ["?-?|ice-?"]
le-suma-pal:ice age ["ice-?"]
le-suma-pasht:icebound {ocean.} ["ice-?"]
svitan-vel t'le-suma-shidau:ice nucleus {meteo.} ["?-thing of-ice-?"]
le-suma-sahriv:ice storm ["ice-storm"]
le-suma-solektra:permafrost ["ice-ground"]
le-suma-tal:glaciology ["ice-study"]
le-suma-talsu:glaciologist ["ice-study-person"]
le-suma-teraya:pack ice {ocean.} ["ice-?"]
(masutraik) le-suma-vel:iceberg ["(water-there) ice-thing"]
kan t'le-suma-vel:growler {ocean.} ["child of-ice-thing"]
pi'masutraik le-suma-vellar:bergy bits {ocean.} ["deep-water-there ice-things"]
le-suma-yontaya:frostbite {med.} ["ice-fire?"]
le-suma-yutshayek:icebreaker {ocean.} ["ice-?"]
guhsh-solek (s'dvun-le-suma):till {n.}
ihsek-le-suma:rime (ice) ["?-ice"]
iraktra-le-suma:field ice {ocean.} ["?-ice"]
izh-le-suma:shelf ice {ocean.} ["?-ice"]
marau-le-suma:drift ice {ocean.} ["?-ice"]
mashalo-le-suma:sailing ice {ocean.} ["sail-ice"; see /mashalovau/]
masutra'le-le-suma:fast ice {ocean.} ["?-ice"]
pa'shi-le-suma:clear ice {meteo.} ["clear-ice"]
ek'le-suma-wein:glaciation ["all-ice-?"]
pi'uzh-le-suma:pancake ice {ocean.} ["small-new-ice"]
leh:10 {enum.}
ex=La leh math.:Here are 10 plates. ["Here 10 plate."]
leh'rak:10th (TGV)
lehr-~:10th ~
lehik:10 {adj.}
lehkuh:10 {card.}
leh-wuh:11 (enum., card.)
ex=Shitau Sonok leh-wuh monek heh sheh floku fi'pasu.:Sonok puts 11 cups and 6 spoons on the table. ["Put Sonok 11 cup and 6 spoon on-table."]
leh-wuh'rak:11th (TGV)
leh-wuhr-~:11th ~
leh-wuhik:11 {adj.}
leh-dah:12 (enum., card.)
leh-dah'rak:12th (TGV)
leh-dahr-~:12th ~
leh-dahik:12 {adj.}
leh-reh:13 (enum., card.)
leh-reh'rak:13th (TGV)
leh-rehr-~:13th ~
leh-rehik:13 {adj.}
leh-keh:14 (enum., card.)
leh-keh'rak:14th (TGV)
leh-kehr-~:14th ~
leh-kehik:14 {adj.}
leh-kau:15 (enum., card.)
ex=Gla-tor au leh-kau teresh-kah svi'solai.:They see 15 /teresh-kah/ birds in the field. ["See they 15 /teresh-kah/ in-field."]
leh-kau'rak:15th (TGV)
leh-kaur-~:15th ~
leh-kauyik:15 {adj.}
leh-sheh:16 {card.}
leh-sheh'rak:16th (TGV)
leh-shehr-~:16th ~
leh-shehik:16 {adj.}
leh-steh:17 (enum., card.)
leh-steh'rak:17th (TGV)
leh-stehr-~:17th ~
leh-stehik:17 {adj.}
leh-oh:18 (enum., card.)
leh-oh'rak:18th (TGV)
leh-ohr-~:18th ~
leh-ohik:18 {adj.}
leh-nau:19 (enum., card.)
leh-nau'rak:19th (TGV)
leh-naur-~:19th ~
leh-nauyik:19 {adj.}
dah-leh:20 (enum., card.)
dah-leh'rak:20th (TGV)
dah-lehr-~:20th ~
dah-lehik:20 {adj.}
dah-leh kaukuh:25 {card.}
dah-leh kauyik:25 {adj.}
reh-leh:30 (enum., card.)
reh-leh'rak:30th (TGV)
reh-lehr-~:30th ~
reh-lehik:30 {adj.}
keh-leh:40 (enum., card.)
keh-leh'rak:40th (TGV)
keh-lehr-~:40th ~
keh-lehik:40 {adj.}
kau-leh:50 (enum., card.)
kau-leh'rak:50th (TGV)
kau-lehr-~:50th ~
kau-lehik:50 {adj.}
sheh-leh:60 (enum., card.)
sheh-leh'rak:60th (TGV)
sheh-lehr:60th ~
sheh-lehik:60 {adj.}
steh-leh:70 (enum., card.)
steh-leh'rak:70th (TGV)
steh-lehr:70th ~
steh-lehik:70 {adj.}
oh-leh:80 (enum., card.)
oh-leh'rak:80th (TGV)
oh-lehr-~:80th ~
oh-lehik:80 {adj.}
nau-leh:90 (enum., card.)
nau-leh'rak:90th (TGV)
nau-lehr-~:90th ~
nau-lehik:90 {adj.}
leipau:(to) bake
ex=Leipau Sonok kap.:Sonok bakes a bread.
lerash:hard {adj.} (not soft)
lesek:joint {n.} {anat.}
# lesek-mal-aushfa:[see /aushfa/]
# lesek-masu:[see /masu/]
# lesek-pi'fek:["joint-?-?"; see /pi'fek/]
el-lesek:synovial joint {anat.} ["?-joint"]
mal-nef-lesek:knee joint {anat.} ["leg-?-joint"]
ozh-lesek:knuckle ["?-joint"]
sa'ovau-lesek:expansion joint {tech.} ["?-joint"]
lesh:(to) carry
leshanik:portable {n.}
leshek:carrier ["carry-all"(!)]
nenikau-tersau-vel t'mishu-leshek:nacelle support pylon
sov-hali-leshek:aircraft carrier
lesh-kapol:carrier filter
lesh-pral:carrier wave
wek-mutauk lesh-pral:phase-diverted carrier wave
li-falik:example|exemplary {adj.}
ex=li-falik zhit-feim:example vocabulary
litra:culture {med.} [inferred]
ex=Lasha sa-mekh t'du lu.:When does your father arrive? ["Arrive father of-you when."]
ma:(to) have|own|possess
ex=Ma sa-kan dukal heh kep - ko-kan mokuv heh leitri.:The boy owns a ball and a gong; the girl a ring and a toy.
ex=>Ma etek natyan — teretuhr lau etek shetau weh-lo'uk do tum t'on.<:"We have differences. May we, together, become greater than the sum of both of us:" —Surak [">Have we difference — together may we grow greater than sum of-both.<"]
ma~:very ~|highly ~|exceptional(ly) ~|extra~|ultra~
ex=:see /pi/ and /suk/
maat-pid-kom:clan matriarch ["clan-high-mother"; from /ko-mekh/]
pi'maat:family ["small-clan"]
mahr:buy {n.}
mahr-kel:market|store ["buy-building"]
mahr-tor:(to) buy
ex=Mahr-tor Sonok uzh wak-vel.:Sonok buys a new clock.
makh:glass [inferred]
makh-tuhlau'es:glassiness {geol.} ["glass-contain-noun"]
mal:leg {n.}
abru-mal:thigh {anc.} ["above-leg"]
fa-mal:foreleg {biol.} ["fore-leg"]
ne-mal:shin ["under-leg"]
mal-nef:knee {n.} {biol.} ["leg-?"]
mal-nik:ankle {biol.} ["leg-?"]
keh-shif-malfa:arachnid {biol.} ["four-?-leg-animal"]
malat:nature {n.}
malatuvauk:naturalized {adj.} {biol.}
malat-~:natural ~
malat-dvelan:natural selection {biol.} ["nature-?"]
malat-lap-shal:natural woodland {biol.} ["nature-tree-zone"]
malat-nemut:natural enemy {biol.} ["nature-enemy"]
malat-tal:ecology (study) {biol.} ["nature-study"]
malat-tash:natural control {biol.} ["nature-control"]
mamut:aid {n.} {obs.}
mamuk:(to) aid {n.} {obs.}
man:climb {n.}
man-tor:(to) climb
mantuhs:mantis {zool.} {borr.} [inferred; from FSE]
ekon-shoretan-mahntuhs:praying mantis {zool.} {borr.} ["?-?-mantis"; from FSE]
ex=(Nam-tor) nash-gad masupik.:It is wet today. ["(Be) this-day wet."]
ex=Sonok heh T'Luki masupik heh samek.:Sonok and T'Luki are wet and cold.
k'mag:thirsty ["with-thirst"]
nemashau:(to) dehydrate ["under-hydrate"]
nemashaya:dehydration ["under-hydration"]
lesek-masu:synovial fluid {med.} ["joint-water"; see /lesek/]
nuk-masu:? ["low-water"; see /nuk/]
ulidar t'nuk-masu:low-water mark {geo.} ["scar of low-water"]
svi-wak t'nuk-masu:low-water interval {ocean.} ["inside-time of-low-water"]
nuk-mashen:low tide {ocean.}
dan-nuk-mashen:neap tide {ocean.}
slor-masu:freshwater ["sweet-water"; see /slor/]
# slor-masu-tuhlek:[see /tuhlek/]
sov-masu:rain {n.} ["air-water"; see /sov/]
sov-masu'es:humidity ["air-water-noun"]
theris-masu:tea (Vulcan style) ["?-water"]
math:plate {n.}
mathra:disk {n.}
mashya:/Mashya/ (a type of vegetable)
mavau:(to) play
mazhiv:sand(s) {n.}
meilak:(chemical) element {chem.} {geol.}
meilaktra:compound {chem.}
bolaya-meilak:essential element
pi'lek-meilak:trace element
po-torvauk-meilak:daughter element {geol.}
rubihalan-meilak:transition element
meilak-nisaya:elemental analysis
mes'~:across ~
mesakh'~:beyond ~
mesah:catwalk {tech.} [lateral access conduit running the entire length of the warp nacelles]
mesakh-dvunik tvi-shal:transkinetic chamber ["trans-moving inside-zone"]
mes-sef:transverse dune
sha'meskar-falek:latent heat ["?-heat"]
og-lum-mesklam:needle holder
numo-mevik og-lum-mesklam:microvascular needle holder ["micro-? needle-holder"]
tvi-khaf-spolik og-lum-mesklam:intracardiac needle holder ["inside-heart needle-holder"]
(spitau-)zus-meskarayek:drill chuck {tech.} ["(?-)?-?"]
nalatra-meskaraunik wonil-kik-ruskarayek:tissue holding /tenaculum forceps/ ["cell-? ?-?-?"]
to-mesksu:police officer|policeman ["working-?-person"]
falun-krus-mesnoshek:ion transtator ["ion-transtator"]
messahran:overrunning {n.} {meteo.} ["across-running"]
messolektra-izh-haltan:cross-country skiing ["cross-ground-?-?"]
mestau:(to) contact [inferred]
mestaya:contact {n.} [inferred from /mestaya-ek'rubah'es/]
mestaya-gisam:contact poison {biol.}
abru'mesukh:across {obs.} ["over-translation"]
ek'mesukh-stari-vel (ESV):universal translator (UT) ["all-translation-speak-thing"]
ek'mesukh-zhit-isan:universal grammar {gr.} ["all-translation-word-use"]
spes-vitoral-mesukhek:voice-activated translator ["?-?-translate-all"]
yahv-mesukh:calque {gr.} ["?-translation"]
mesukh-tor:(to) translate
mesut:bridge (structure)|pons {med.} ["across-noun"]
mesya:/mesya/ (game similar to "tag")
mesyut-~:counter(-)~|anti(-)~|retro~|back~ [inferred]
mesyut-ha'gelan:counter-illumination {ocean.}
mesyut-kharat-dan:anticyclonic rotation {meteo.} ["?-direction-rotation"]
mesyut-kharat-dvun:retrograde motion {meteo.} ["?-direction-move"]
mesyut-kharat-praduk:backdoor front {meteo.} ["?-direction-?"]
mesyut-kharatik:cum sole {ocean.} ["?-directional"]
mesyut-kuran:countershading {ocean.} ["?-coloring"]
mes-thonek:calipers {med.} ["across-meter"; see /thonek/]
mes-tvi-temok:transverse bulkhead ["across-inside-wall"]
mes-zhel:transverse band {meteo.} ["across-band"]
mev:conduit {tech.}|duct {med.} {tech.}|pipe {tech.}|tube {meteo.} {ocean.} {tech.}|vessel {med.}
numo-pi'mev:microtubule {biol.} ["microscopic-small-tube"]
pi'mev t'kas-sa-nei:pollen tube {biol.} ["small-tube of-plant-?-?"]
solek-pi'mev-torai:capillary action {med.} ["?-small-vessel-?"]
solek-pi'mev-masu'es:capillary moisture {med.} ["?-small-vessel-moisture"]
lap-pi'mev:vein {bot.} ["tree-small-vessel"]
naskonn-zul-mev:volcanic pipe {geol.} ["?-lava-pipe"]
khaf-mev-eikangnal:aneurysm {med.} ["blood-vessel-?"]
kov-mev s'fal-masu-toran:hydrothermal vein {geol.} ["rock-duct from-hot-water-?"]
mor-mevaya:venation ["?-vessel-noun"]
pekh-mev-tal:proctology {sci.} ["?-duct-study"]
sov-mev-klotaya:air embolism {med.} ["air-duct-?"]
uzh-khaf-mev:artery {biol.} ["new-blood-vessel"]
pi'uzh-khaf-mev:arteriole {biol.} ["small-new-blood-vessel"]
tik uzh-khaf-mev:aorta {biol.} ["? new-blood-vessel"]
vukhut-mev-tal:angiology {sci.} ["body-vessel-study"]
vukhut-mevsu:angiologist {med.} ["body-vessel-person"]
# yokul-mev:[see /yokul/]
yu-mur-mev:oviduct {biol.} ["?-?-duct"]
zul-mev:dike (lava) {geol.} ["lava-duct"]
# mev-gnal:[see /gnal/]
mevak:/Mevak/ (a hollow-stemmed, reed-like plant)
mikh:eye (anc.} {obs.}
min:glow {n.}
min-tor:(to) glow
ex=Min-tor yon fna'krani svi'suk'kelek fi'fau-yut.:The fire glows in the window of the big house on the street.
mo'uh:? {borr.}
abu-solektra-mo'uh:upland moa {zool.} ["up-ground-moa"]
moh:1000000000 (billion, short scale; enum., card.)
moh'rak:1000000000th (billionth, short scale; TGV)
mohr-~:1000000000th (billionth, short scale)
mohik:1000000000 (billion, short scale) {adj.}
mokh:aim {n.}
mokh-tor:(to) aim
mon-tor:(to) drink
mor-gril:/mor-gril/ (a wolverine-like animal)
mos-~:soft ~ {adj.}|softly {adv.}
dan-mos-~:softest ~
weh-mos-~:softer ~
mos-dukal:softball (ball)
mos-dukal-el'rukhut:softball glove
mos-dukal-khartausu:softball manager
mos-dukal-mavausu:softball player
mos-dukal-torvukh:softball (sport)
mos-dukal-vo'rukh:softball diamond
mos-kamu:palate|soft {gr.}
mos-tor:(to) soften
mos-tukh:software ["soft-stuff"; inferred]
mu'yor:night {anc.} [originally a compound word]
ex=Gla-tor etek wuh'rak yel t'mu'yor.:We see the first star of the night. ["See we first star of-night."]
ek'mu'yor:all night
ex=Sonok muhl hi T'Luki has-bosh.:Sonok is healthy but T'Luki is ill.
muhl-bosh(-~):healthy ~
muhs:vapor {n.} {geo.}
masu-muhs-brun:water vapor plume {meteo.} ["water-vapor-?"]
masutra-muhs:sea smoke ["?-vapor"] {ocean.}
# muhs-vihish:[see /vihish/]
muhskito-ruskarayek:mosquito forceps {med.} ["mosquito-?"]
mutau:(to) pass
mutaya:pass {n.}
pamutau:(to) bypass)
pamutaya:bypass {n.}
pseth-eik-yerakik rilik suk'muzh:bolson ["?-?-? without-? lake"; a semiarid, flat-floored desert valley or depression, usually centred on a playa or salt pan and entirely surrounded by hills or mountains.]
zul-muzh:lava lake
na'~:at|to(wards)|for ~
na'shau:(to) greet
nafek:organ {med.}
pi'nafek:gland ["small organ"]
Kolinahr:/Kolinahr/ (rigorous training program at Gol to purge oneself of all emotions) ["?-now-discipline"]
ex=>Kolinahr – k'kvai'ei ek'zherka t'forti foshuhl<:"Kolinahr: Through which all emotion is finally shed." ["Through-which all-emotion(s) finally shed."]
Kolinahru:/Kolinahru/ [those who have attained /Kolinahr/]
ex=>Nahp - hif-bi tu throks.<:Your thoughts, give them to me. ["Thoughts - to-me you give."]
panahp:consideration ["about-thought"; inferred]
panah-tor:(to) consider ["about-think"]
nah-tor:(to) think
nakarat:endeavor {n.}
nakh:index {n.}
nakh-tor:(to) index
mes-nakh-tor:(to) cross-index
nala-kaunshaya:fusion {biol.} ["cell-?"]
nala-litra:cell culture
nalatra:tissue ["cell-there"]
nalatra-tin t'el-lesek:synovial membrane ["tissue-layer of-?-joint"; see /lesek/]
sakasu-nalatra-neshuhk:biotroph ["bring-out-being-tissue-parasite"]
torupik nalatra-ifis:active transport ["working tissue-transport"]
tersau-nalatra:connective tissue {biol.} ["connect-tissue"]
namishau:(to) adjust ["existence-now-verb"]
nam-tor:(to) be|exist
ex=Nam-tor la reh Vuhlkansu -- Sarek - Spohkh heh Saavik.:There are three Vulcans here: Sarek, Spock and Saavik.
ex=Nam-tor wehk pla-kur kovlar svi'solai hi zam yon-kur kovlar.:There are many blue stones on the field but few red stones.
nam-tor ish:that is ["to-be it"]
nenam-tor:(to be) based on
naran:acceptance {aero.}
naran-nisan:acceptance test {aero.}
narak:pole {n.} {phys.} {geo.}
narakau:(to) polarize
a'rak-narak'es:positive polarity [see /a'rak/]
narak-ek'anayek:polaric maximizer {aero.} ["polarity-all-?]
narak-nakihtilayek:polaric modulator {aero.} ["polarity-?"]
narak-saya:polaric radiation ["polaric-?"]
narak-tepul:polaric energy ["polaric-?"]
narak-thorshaya:polaric detonation ["polaric-?"]
narak-vunai:polaric field ["polaric-field"]
tehn-narak-vunai:anti-polaric field ["anti-polaric-field"]
torupik narafek:active electrode
dah-narafek:diode ["two-electrode"]
a'rak-narafek:anode ["positive-electrode"; see /a'rak/]
u'rak-narafek:cathode ["negative-electrode"; see /u'rak/]
raf-kuv-narakaya:circular polarization
narakaya-vunai:polarization field
narat do-toh:/narat do-toh/ {anc.} (child's game similar to "Hide & Seek")
nash-~:this ~
nash-veh:I|me ["this-one"]
onash-veh:me [when spoken by a superior about themselves, "honored this-one"]
nashiv:attack {n.}
nashiv-tor:(to) attack
ravot-nashivanik:entomopathogenic (adj., med.) ["insect-attacking"]
a'rak-kraulaya t'dvudau-natuhn:positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) {auto.} ["positive-? of-?-box"]
a'rak-kraulau-kapol t'dvudau-natuhn:positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) filter {auto.} ["positive-?-? of-?-box"]
a'rak-kraulau-spunek t'dvudau-natuhn:positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve {auto.} ["positive-?-? of-?-box"]
a'rak-kraulau-torektra t'dvudau-natuhn:positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) system {auto.} ["positive-?-system of-?-box"]
natya(-~):different ~
ex=>Na'natya-is - natya-shid.<:"For different use, a different form." —Tenek of Shi'Han
nau:9 {enum.}
nau'rak:9th (TGV)
naur-~:9th ~
nauyik:9 {adj.}
naukuh:9 {card.}
ne'~:below|under ~ {anc.} [from CLGV /næ/ and AGV /nàh/]
ne'ti-tukh:sediment ["?-stuff"]
wuval-ne'ti-kunlak (t'dvun-le-sumatra):drumlin ["elongated-sediment-? (of-moving-ice-there)"]
nehau:(to) rot ["under-add"]
ex=Nehau urozh svi'solai.:The crops are rotting in the field.
nelau:(to) suppress ["under-might"]
nelaya:suppression ["under-might-noun"]
ralash-nelaya:noise suppression {aero.} ["sound-suppression"]
ralash-nelau-torektra:noise suppression system {aero.} ["sound-suppression-system"]
spanadvelsu-nelaya:voter suppression {pol.} ["voter-suppression"]
yon-nelaya:fire suppression {tech.} ["fire-suppression"]
yon-nelau-torektra (YNT):fire suppression system (FSS) ["fire-?-system"]
(yon-)nelau-tukh:(fire) suppressant
# ne-yartra:[see /yar/]
nemut:enemy ["he who takes (e.g. water, without asking)"]
nem-tor:(to) take
ex=Vesht tar-tor Surak >Nam-tor ri thrap wilat nem-tor rim.<:Surak said, "There is no offense where none is taken." ["Past say Surak >Be not offense where to-take none.<"]
busnem-tor:(to) abort {med.}
nen:base|foundation {n.}
starun-nentular:speech frames ("> — <") [used as quotation marks/double quotes in FSE]
ex=:[see /nemtor/ for ex.]
tresh-nentular:split-frames ("¦ — ¦") [used for emphasis, like bolding or capitals in FSE]
ex=Nam-tor ish ¦suk¦ sehlat..:That is a *big* /sehlat/!
tuhsk-nentular|wuh-nentular:comment frames|single frames ("| — |") [used like parantheses in FSE]
ex=Dungi nam-tor keh os-yel-hali | ek s'kadvin | moguhshau.:Four old starships (all out of commission) will be scrapped. ["Will be four old-star-ship (all out-of-commission) scrap."]
nenikau:(to) support
nenikaya:support {n.}
nen(-~|ik):simple ~ {gr.}|primary ~ {tech.}
nen-su'us:(number) base {n.} {math.}
sunena:(military) base {n.} {mil.} ["person-base"]
nesh:cut {n.}
kaluk-el'neshek:ear scissors
neshuhk:parasite {biol.}
ek'neshuhk:obligate parasite
on-neshuhk:facultative parasite
nesh-tor:(to) cut
neshuk:ink {n.}
nesh-kur:black ["ink-color"]
ex=Sehlat nesh-kur hi le-matya wan-kur.:The /sehlat/ is black but the /le-matya/ is white.
nesh-~:black ~
nev-kur:maroon (color)
nikh:eye {anc.} {obs.} [only used poetically in Golic Vulcan]
nirak:fool {n.} {anc.} [from ST:ENT "Kir'Shara": "SOVAL: [Nirak] was a soldier who lived a long time ago. He was standing watch over the gates of the city of Gol and he saw a cloud on the horizon moving toward him. He thought it was a sandstorm, so he told no one. It was an army. They destroyed the city, but they let Nirak live. His name now means ‘fool’ in our language, […]"]
norn-la-hal:/Norn-la-hal/ (change of status from child to adult) {anc.}
noshau:(to) stand
nosh:condition [inferred]
nosh-rubaik tor-zhit:condition-change verb {gr.} ["condition-changing do-word"]
nosh t'nuk-khaf-spol:bathycardia {med.}
# nosh-vohraya:[see /vohraya/]
# nosh-zhit:condition-word {gr.}
ek'nosh:climate {meteo.} ["all-condition"; inferred]
suk'shal-ek'nosh:macroclimate {biol.} ["big-zone-all-condition"]
pi'shal-ek'nosh:microclimate {biol.} ["small-zone-all-condition"]
pid-samek-ek'nosh:boreal climate {meteo.} ["high-cold-all-condition"]
esh-pehkaya-nosh:apnea {med.} ["breathe-stop-condition"]
fam-dvunel-nosh:akinesia {med.} ["without-motion-condition"]
fam-fnish-nosh:anosmia {med.} ["without-?-condition"]
rika-tchakat-nosh:astigmatism {med.} ["not-same-?-condition"]
fam-kitaya-nosh:agraphia {med.} ["without-writing-condition"]
fam-kur-nosh:albinism {med.} ["without-color-condition"]
natya-mor-nosh:heterophylly {biol.} ["different-?-condition"]
fam-naglashaya-nosh:agnosia {med.} ["without-?-condition"]
rish-nahp-nosh:acataphasia {med.} ["?-thoughts-condition"]
dvunek-pak-nosh:amyotrophia {med.} ["?-?-condition"]
(dvunekik) karik'es-pak-nosh:asthenia {med.} ["(?) ?-?-?-condition"]
fam-sakal-nosh:anorchia {med.} ["without-?-condition"]
pid-sash-nosh:acidemia {med.} ["high-acidic-condition"]
ritsuri-sash-nosh:acidosis {med.} ["irregular-acidic-condition"]
fam-sharushan-nosh:atresia {med.} ["without-?-condition"]
sokasitau-solek-nosh:tilth {biol.} ["?-?-condition"]
pid-sovash-nosh:alkalemia {med.} ["high-alkaline-condition"]
ritsuri-sovash-nosh:alkalosis ["irregular-alkaline-condition"]
fam-thas-nosh:agalactia {med.} ["without-milk-condition"]
fam-thasek-nosh:amastia {med.} ["without-?-nosh"]
ritsuri-vazhaya-nosh:anuria {med.} ["irregular-?-condition"]
spoh-wadi-nosh:achromasia {med.} ["?-?-condition"]
fam-zalu-nosh:azymia {med.} ["without-?-condition"]
pa-noshik:ambient {med.} ["?-conditional"]
noshtra:characteristic {n.} [inferred]
prah-noshtralar:acquired characteristics {biol.}
dau-tukh t'sa-noshtra:androgen {med.} [affect-stuff of-male-condition-there"]
nuk-~:low-~ [inferred]
(ritsuri-)nuk-nosh t'spoh-tukh svi'khaf:hypokalemia {med.} ["(irregular-)low-condition of-?-? inside-blood"]
(ritsuri-)nuk-nosh t'alem-tukh svi'khaf:hyponatremia {med.} ["(irregular-)low-condition of-?-? inside-blood"]
ritsuri-nuk-nosh t'wadi-kur:hypopigmentation {med.} ["irregular-low-condition of-?-color"]
nuk-krus-storaya:hypoplasia {med.} ["low-part-?"]
uzh-khaf-mev t'nuk-vukhut:iliac artery {med.} ["new-blood-? of-low-?"]
os-khaf-mev t'nuk-vukhut:iliac vein {med.} ["old-blood-? of-low-?"]
nuk-khaf-ne'hish:hypotension {med.} ["low-blood-?"]
nuh'nuk-esh-tukh svi'khaf:hypoxia {med.} ["too-low-breathe-stuff inside-blood"]
nuk-nosh t'dah-eshu t'nol-tukh svi'khaf:hypocapnia {med.} ["low-condition of-?-? of-?-? inside-blood"]
# nuk-nosh t'khaf-slor-tukh:hypoglycemia {med.} ["low-condition of-blood-sweet-stuff"; see /slor/]
skaun-sa'hafik nuk-sharu:pylorus {med.} ["?-? low-?"]
stek t'skaun-sa'hafik nuk-sharu:pylorus clamp {med.} ["? of-?-? low-?"]
dahshayek t'skaun-sa'hafik nuk-sharu:pylorus separator {med.} ["two-? of-?-? low-?"]
nuk-khrash-thoraya:microburst {meteo.}
pseth nuk-khrash-thoraya:dry microburst {meteo.} ["? low-?-?"]
masupik nuk-khrash-thoraya:wet microburst {meteo.} ["? low-?-?"]
# nuk-mashen:low tide {ocean.} [see /masu/]
# svi-wak t'nuk-masu:low-water interval {ocean.} ["inside-time of-low-water"; see /nuk-masu/]
nuk-shal|tra|:lowland(s) {geo.}
nuktru-~:lowlands ~ {obs.}
Nuktru-Golik:Lowlands Golic (Vulcan language)
nuk-skaun-ek'ur:gastrointestinal tract ["low-?-?"]
yonshaya t'nuk-skaun-ek'ur:gastroenteritis {med.} ["? of-low-?-?"]
nuk-solek:C-horizon {geo.}
nuk-wan-karf:scud ["low-cloud-?"]
numo(-~):microscopic ~
ex=numo-kushel:an insignificant bird [one that is so small that it is almost not worth mentioning, but can also mean that it is a bird that is totally adorable]
numo-zan-vel:microscope ["microscopic-view-thing"]
nu'~:down ~
nu'le:downwards {anc.} [from CLGV /nu'leh/ and AGV /nuuhellh/]
nuh'~:too ~ {adj.}
o'kapi:okapi {borr.} [from FSE]
o~:honored ~
# osu:sir|madam ["honored person"; see /su/]
ogan:sewing {n.}
og-tor:(to) sew
ex=Og-tor Sonok os sai-vel.:Sonok sews old clothes.
oh:8 {enum.}
ex=Stau oh le-matya sehlatlar t'etek.:Eight /le-matyas/ kill our /sehlats/. ["Kill eight /le-matya/ /sehlats/ of-us."]
oh'rak:8th (TGV)
ex=Stehr-sehlat nesh-kur hi oh'rak khav-kur.:The 7th /sehlat/ is black but the 8th is brown. ["Seventh-/sehlat/ black but 8th brown."]
ohr-~:8th ~
ohik:8 {adj.}
ohkuh:8 {card.}
olau:(to) feel
ex=Olau tu uf.:How are you? ["Feel you how."]
ex=:[see /ma/ for ex.]
opi'~:since ~
oren:study {n.}
oren-tor:(to) learn|study
orfikkel:ancestors {anc.}
orniaga:irritated {anc.} {obs.}
os(-~):old ~
nel-oska:main archives
oska-tum-vel:library computer
Ek'thro-Torektra t'Oska-Tum-Vel (ETOTV):Library Computer Access and Retrieval System (LCARS) ["all-access-system of-library-computer"]
os-khaf-mev:? ["?-blood-?"]
ma'os-~:ancient ~
Mha'us-Gollhìkh:Ancient Golic (Vulcan language)
ex=Ozhika - fai-tukh heh kenan – nam-tor u'vellar etek saven-tor.:Logic, knowledge and understanding – these are the things we teach.
ex=>Ozhika -- palikaya t'kau ri shaht.<:"Logic is the beginning of wisdom, not the end." ["Logic: Beginning of-wisdom not end."]
k'ozhika:it is logical
ri k'ozhika:it is illogical
oveh:saint ["honored one"]
ovsot-~:complete {adj.}
# ovsot-ek'rubah:[see /rubah/]
ovsotik:complete (adj. stand-alone)
ovsotuhl-~:total ~ {adj.}
pa'es-~:general ~
pa'shi-~:clear ~ ["about-place"]
pa'shik:clear {adj.}
pa'shau:(to) clear
pa'shaya:clearing {n.}
skapa'shau:(to) clear off
skapa'shaya:clear-off|clearing-off {n.}
pa-tukh:gas {n.} {chem.} ["around-stuff"]
wan-solektra-pahz:? ["cloud-ground-?"]
a'rakik wan-solektra-pahz:positive cloud-to-ground lightning {meteo.} ["positive cloud-ground-?"]
pakh:stroke (" - ") [used like comma or semicolon in FSE]
abu-pakh:up-stroke ("|") [used as a virgule ("/") in FSE or in mathematical fractions]
ex=Orenal T'Luki terrupik wak-krus 1999|2000.:T'Luki studied the Earth period 1999/2000.
dah-pakh:double-stroke (" – ", " -- ") [used like colon or dash in FSE]
dahshaya-pakh:separation-stroke (" = ") [used like tilde or hyphen in FSE]
ek'pakh:full-stroke (" — ", " --- ") [used instead of /dah-pakh/ in classical literature; also equiv. to ellipsis in FSE]
paki-~:lost ~
palikau:(to) begin|commence|initiate
sov-palikau:(to) air start {aero.}
palikaya:beginning {n.}
ex=:[see /ozhika/]
pash:trap {n.}
pash-tor:(to) trap
pasu:table {n.}
patanafau:(to) design [inferred]
patanafaya:design {n.} [inferred]
sai-veltra-patanafausu:custome designer ["clothes-there-designer"]
pehkau:(to) stop
pehkaya:stop {n.}
dah-pehkaya:double-stop ("..") [used like exclamation mark in FSE; avoid]
ek'pehkaya:full-stop (".")
reh-pehkaya:triple-stop ("...") [used like triple exclamation mark in FSE; avoid]
ex=Tuhsau Rihansular Ta'raf-Shal...:The Romulans are crossing the Neutral Zone!!!
ulef-pehkaya:half-stop ("'") [affix separator, decimal point]
per-tor:(to) act|perform
ex=Sehlat pi.:The /sehlat/ is small.
ex=Sehlat pi hi le-matya suk.:The /sehlat/ is small but the /le-matya/ is big.
ex=T'Luki pi.:T'Luki is small.
pinu-zhit:diminutive {n.}
pi-~:(diminutive) [not to be confused with /pi'/; difference in pronunciation is the missing glottal stop]
ex=pi-kushel:a little or small bird [can mean size, maturity and/or suggest a level of cuteness or affection]
ex=pi-T'lar:Li'l T'lar [use with children only]
mapi-~:very little|small|tiny (diminutive) [see /ma/]
ex=mapi-kushel:a very little or very small bird [can mean it is very young, a hatchling and/or suggest a level of extreme cuteness or affection]
pid(-~):high ~
(sov-)pidek:altitude ["air-height"]
pidek-thonek:altimeter ["height-meter"]
saurpatal-pidek-thonek:radar altimeter ["?-altimeter"]
pidsu:Lord ["high-person"]
Opidsu:Lord ["honored-high-person"]
pid-kom:matriarch ["high-mother", from /ko-mekh/]
lesek-pi'fek:culm {biol.}
pilsu:cook|food preparer
opilsu:chef ["honored-person-preparing-food"]
pil-tor:(to) prepare (food)
ex=Pil-tor T'Luki yem-tukh.:T'Luki prepares food. ["Prepare T'Luki food."]
pla'~:back(-~) ~|retro(-~) ~
pla'dor:dorsal [inferred]
# pla'dor-ralek:[see /ralek/]
pla'rak:reverse [inferred]
# pla'rak-tselaya:[see /tselaya/]
pla-~:blue ~
plak:blood {obs.} [see also /plak-tau/]
plis:glide {n.} {aero.}
plis-tor:(to) glide {aero.}
plo-~:quasi-~|somewhat like ~|sort of ~
ex=Nam-tor du tab-ma va'ashiv po.:Why are you late again? ["Be you late again why."]
po'~:after ~ {chron.}
pohkau:(to) mind
polau:(to) jump [?]
the'polau:(to) sauté
ex=The'polau Opilsu nev-kur sazhlar.:The chef sautés the maroon-colored legume.
pontau:(to) breed|mate [inferred]
pon farr:/Pon farr/ {anc.} ["breeding time"]
poprah:(to) receive
ex=>I'poprah fasei setebihk t'ovsotuhl-ozhika.<:"Now receive from us this symbol of total logic." ["Now-receive this-here symbol of-total-logic."]
proprahik:received [inferred]
pral:wave {n.}
dah-pral:double-wave (" ﹌ ") [used as "et al." is used in FSE]
ex=Kital s'Sonok - T'Pral - Voluk ﹌:Written by Sonok, T'Pral, Voluk et al.
psethau:(to) dry (out)
pseth-~:dry ~
# pseth-tevun-yonuk:[see /tevun-yonuk/]
pstha:(to) search [irr. strong v.]
ex=Pstha Sonok laptra na'sehlat.:Sonok searches the forest for the /sehlat/.
ex=Pstha T'Luki muzh na'aluklar.:T'Luki searches the pond for fish.
psthan:search {n.}
puk:fight {n.}
puk-tor:(to) fight
puyek:washer (appliance)
sov-puyek:air cleaner ["air-washer"]
# puyan-achut:[see /achut/]
ek'puyik:sterile ["full-?"]
ex=Nam-tor wak ra.:What time is it? ["Be time what."]
ragtau:(to) introduce [inferred]
raflehk:(battery) terminal {tech.}
a'rak-raflehk:positive (battery) terminal {auto.} ["positive-terminal"; see /a'rak/]
u'rak-raflehk:negative (battery) terminal {auto.} ["negative-terminal"; see /u'rak/]
tereragelan:rendezvous {n.}
tereragel-tor:(to) rendezvous
ragel-tor:(to) meet
ex=ri bolau nash-veh:I do not need ["not need this-one"]
ex=Ri tishau sa-veh ko-veh.:He does *not* like her. ["Not like male-one female-one."]
ex=Tishau sa-veh ri ko-veh.:He does not like *her*. ["Like male-one not female-one."]
ex=Tishau ri sa-veh ko-veh.:*He* does not like her. [Like not male-one female-one."]
ex=Tishau Sonok T'Sau hi ri T'Pan.:Sonok likes T'Sau but not *T'Pan*. ["Likes Sonok T'Sau but (does) not (like) T'Pan."]
ex=Tishau ri Sonok Stonn hi T'Pol.:*Sonok* does not like Stonn but he likes T'Pol. ["Likes not Sonok Stonn but (likes) T'Pol." (single verb is not repeated; orig. /hi/ before object is illogical)]
ex=Tishau ri Sonok hi Stonn T'Pol.:*Sonok* does not like Stonn, but Stonn likes T'Pol. ["Likes not Sonok but (likes) Stonn T'Pol."]
ex=Ri tishau Sonok heh Stonn T'Pol.:Sonok and Stonn do not like T'Pol. ["Not like Sonok and Stonn T'Pol."]
ex=Ri tishau Sonok Stonn heh T'Pol.:Sonok does not like Stonn and T'Pol. ["Not like Sonok Stonn and T'Pol."]
ex=Ri tishau il bolau Sonok uzh dunaplar.:Sonok does not like or need new books. ["Not like or need Sonok new books."]
ex=Tishau hi ri bolau Sonok uzh dunaplar.:Sonok likes but does not need new books. ["Like but not need Sonok new books."]
ex=Ri tishau mavau T'Pan ka'athaira.:T'Pan does not like to play the /ka'athyra/. [/ri/ precedes helper verb: "Not like play T'Pan /ka'athyra/."]
ex=Ri tishau nash-veh du.:I do not like you.
ex=Ri tishau sehlat nash-veh.:The /sehlat/ does not like me.
ex=Ri tishau Sonok T'Pan.:Sonok does not like T'Pan.
ex=Ri tishau sa-veh nash-veh il ko-veh.:He does not like me or her.
ex=Tishau T'Pol Stonn hi ri Sonok.:T'Pol likes Stonn but not Sonok.
ex=Ri tishau le-matya etek.:The le-matya does not like us.
ex=Tishau Stonn heh Sonok nash-veh hi ri du.:Stonn and Sonok like me but not you.
ex=Tishau savas hi ri kahm.:We like fruit but not meat.
ex=Tishau T'Pol ri Stonn hi Sonok.:T'Pol does not like Stonn but likes Sonok.
ex=Tishau du Stonn - T'Pol heh T'Pan hi ri Sonok.:You like Stonn, T'Pol and T'Pan but not Sonok.
ex=Ri tishau Sonok Stonn - T'Pol il T'Pan.:Sonok does not like Stonn, T'Pol or T'Pan.
ex=Tishau hi ri bolau T'Luki shur.:T'Luki likes but does not need soup.
ex=Ri tishau mavau Stonn ryill.:Stonn does not like to play the /ryill/.
ex=Tishau tu ri nash-veh.:You do not like me.
ex=Ri tishau sehlat Spola.:The /sehlat/ does not like Spola.
ex=Ri tishau T'Pan Sonok.:T'Pan does not like Sonok.
ex=Ri tishau au nash-veh il du.:They do not like me or you.
ex=Tishau Kirk McCoy hi ri Bishop.:Kirk likes McCoy but not Bishop.
ex=Ri tishau le-matya sa-veh.:The le-matya does not like him.
ex=Tishau nash-veh kahm hi ri savas.:I do not like meat but I like fruit.
ex=Tishau T'Pring ri Spock hi Stonn.:T'Pring does not like Spock but she likes Stonn.
ex=Tishau Sonok heh Stonn du hi ri nash-veh.:Sonok and Stonn like you but not me.
ex=Tishau Sonok ko-veh - T'Luki eh T'Sai hi ri T'Pol.:Sonok likes her, T'Luki and T'Sai, but not T'Pol.
ex=Ri tishau Vorik Stonn - T'Pring il T'San.:Vorik does not like Stonn, T'Pring or T'San.
ex=Tishau hi ri bolau Sonak thas.:Sonok likes but does not need milk.
ex=Ri tishau mavau Tuvok kal-toh.:Tuvok does not like to play /kal-toh/.
Rihansu:Romulan ["no-?-person"]
rik'~:without ~
a'rak(-~|ik):positive (polarity) ~ {adj.} {anc.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /á-rhak/, meaning "good direction"]
# a'rak-ayaunik nuk-vihish-tauf:[see /vihish/]
raf-a'rak(-):electropositive ["?-positive"]
desh'rak:north {anc.} ["question?-direction"; see /deshker/]
khu'rak:south {anc.} ["crystal?-direction"; see /khush/]
she'rak:east {anc.} ["rise-direction" (from the rising suns); see /shen/]
tev'rak:west {anc.} ["fall-direction" (from the setting suns; see /tevan/]
u'rak(-~|ik):negative [inferred]
# u'rak-falun:negative charge
# u'rak-ayaunik nuk-vihish-tauf:[see /nuk-vihish-tauf/]
rala:wing {aero.}
reh-vla-rala:delta wing {aero.}
ralash-fam-~:silent ~ ["sound-without"]
ralash-tanaf:music ["sound-art"]
ralek:fin {biol.}|dorsal {tech.} [partially inferred]
pla'dor-ralek:dorsal fin {biol.}
harr-ralek:caudal fin
abuli-harr-ralek:vertical tail fin {aero.} ["vertical-?-fin"]
tersau-ralek:connecting dorsal {tech.} ["connect-fin"]
# ralek-weil:[see /weil/]
ras(-~):heavy ~
rasath:weight {n.}
rasral(-~):earsplitting {adj.} {mus.}
rau-nol:shelter {n.}
rau-tor:(to) shelter
sov-razh:? ["air-?"]
abulik sov-razh:air pocket ["? air-?"]
reh:three {enum.}
ex=Ma ko-veh reh snauk.:She has three forks. ["Have female-one three fork."]
ex=Nesh-tor ko-kan reh krus t'kap.:The girl slices three loafs of bread. ["Cut female-child three piece of-bread."]
reh'rak:third (TGV)
rehr-~:third ~
rehik:three {adj.}
rehkuh:three {card.}
resha:(to) rage
reshan:rage {n.}
reshen-~:angry ~
# ri(k'~):[see /rai/]
ro'fori:information {anc.} [originally a compound word]
rom(-~):good ~
ohrom:excellent ["eightfold good"]
rok:hope {n.}
rok-tor:(to) hope
ex=Rok-tor nash-veh tal-tor os-dunap.:I hope to find the old book. ["Hopes this-one to-find old-book."]
ru'lut-masu:saliva ["mouth-water"]
ru'lut-sai:napkin ["mouth-cloth"]
rubah:change {n.}
ex=>Rubah -- gehnli tor-bosh t'ek'nam.<:"Change is the essential process of all existence." ["Change: Essential process of-all-existence."]
mestaya-ek'rubah'es:contact metamorphism
ek'rubah:metamorphosis ["full-change"]
ovsot-ek'rubah:complete metamorphosis ["total-metamorphosis"]
vohr-ek'rubah:gradual metamorphosis ["slow-metamorphosis"]
# ha'gel-rubah-dvun:[see /ha'gel/]
rubai:(to) change ["change-now"; see /i'/?]
wakrubau:(to) evolve [inferred]
wakrubaya:evolution ["time-change"]
rubihalan:transition {n.} ["change-going"]
rubilau:(to) adapt
rubilau-vel:adapter ["adapt-thing"]
rubitau:(to) modify [inferred]
rub-zhit:adjective ["modifying-word"]
rub-zhit-shidlar:adjectival forms
rubitaya:alteration|modification {n.}
ruken:egress {n.} {aero.}
ruk-tor:(to) egress {aero.}
s':from|out of|by ~ [as in the author of, etc.]
sa(-~):male|ex~|outward(-) ~|from out of|away from {comb.}
sa-kan:boy ["male-child"]
osa-mekh:father ["honored father"]
ex=Sonok dah'rak sa-telsu t'nash-veh.:Sonok is my second husband. ["Sonok second husband of-this-one."]
sa-veh:he ["male-one"; TGV]
ex=Nem-tor ko-kan dunap t'sa-veh.:The girl takes his book. ["Take female-child book of-male-one."]
sasu:man|male {n.} ["male-person"]
osa(su):gentleman|sir ["honored man"]
sayik:male {standal. adj.}
ex=sahran-sehlat:the running /sehlat/
sahriv:storm {n.}
sahr-~:fast ~
sahrafel:(to) trust
sai-vel:clothes ["?-thing"?]
sai-veltra:custome ["clothes-there"; inferred]
sal:blow {n.} [wind]
salur:(to) blow [wind; irr. strong v.]
ex=Salur salan.:The wind blows.
ex=Salur sahris salan.:The wind is blowing quickly. [adverbial form]
ex=Salur sahr-salan.:The quick wind is blowing. [adjectival form]
tevun-yonuk-planik falek-yetur-salan:monsoon ["season-backed heat-drive(n)-wind"]
sala-~:native ~
salasharaya:pronunciation ["native-?"]
salasu:native {n.} ["native-person"]
samek:cold {adj.}
pid-samek:boreal ["high-cold"; inferred]
# pid-samek-ek'nosh:[see /ek'nosh/]
pid-samek-laptra:boreal forest ["high-cold-tree-there"]
sam-~:cold ~
sarlah:(to) come|arrive
ex=Sarlah wuh le-matya..:There is a le-matya coming!
ex=Vesht sarlah nemut | Kardassular || il sos'eh Dzhem-Hadaru || |.:The enemy (the Cardassians [or perhaps the Jem-Hadar]) arrived.
ex=ki'sarlah:has come|arrived
fasarlah:(to) come forward
nusarlah:(to) come down, descend
nusarlahn:come-down, down-coming, descent {n.}
visarlah:(to) come in/into|enter [referring to beings; otherwise use /svi-tor/]
abu-sarlah:(to) come up
sash-~:acidic ~
sash-savas:/sash-savas/ (citrus-like fruit) ["acidic-fruit"]
sastorau:(to) make a breakthrough
saul:shout {n.}
saul-tor:(to) shout
savensu:teacher ["teaching-person"; usually /osavensu/, see o~]
osavensu:teacher ["honored teacher", as a token of respect]
saven-tor:(to) teach
sazh:legume (gen. term)
seheik:pilgrims {borr.} ["declared ones"]
sehlat:/sehlat/ (bear-like, often domesticated, animal, with six-inch fangs)
ex=nesh-kur sehlat:black (kind of) /sehlat/
sehtebihk:symbol {n.}
ahm-sehtebihk:name symbol (" ° ") [used as italics are used with names and titles in FSE]
heh-sehtebihk:and symbol (" • ") [used as an ampersand is used in FSE]
ex=Vesht telv-tor nash-veh dunap °Dor • Gu-Vam°.:I read (in the past) the book "Honor & Duty".
shiyu-sehtebihk:degree symbol (" ¯ ") [used as the degree symbol is used in FSE]
ex=Nam-tor falek'es 45 ¯C.:The temperature is 45 °C.
su'us-sehtebihk:number symbol ("ℵ") [used as "#" is used in FSE]
ex=Bolau T'Krel ℵ2 kitau-fek.:T'Krel needs a #2 pencil.
zek-sehtebihk:order symbol (" ☐ ") [used as an ordinal indicator like "nd", "rd", "st" and "th" are used with numbers in FSE, although normally limited to handwritten text]
ex=Nam-tor Spock 1☐ heh Kirk 2☐.:Spock is 1st and Kirk is 2nd.
sele-an t'li:/Sele-an-t'li/ (secondary level of adult discipline) {anc.}
seshan:pull {n.}
sesh'gal:graviton ["pull-particle"; see /galu/]
sesh'gal-zehlek:graviton beam
wek-terauk sesh'gal-zehlek:phase-conjugate graviton beam
sesh'gal-zehlek-sayek:graviton beam emitter
sesh'gal-vunai:graviton field
sesh'gal-tihetilayek:graviton stabilizer
nu-seshan:gravity ["down-pull"]
set:drop {n.}
set-tor:(to) drop
ex=Set-tor Rihansu suk'snauk fi'yar-pasu.:The Romulan drops the big fork on the green table.
sfek-taik:pointed hat
dan-pid-sfek:zenith (highest point) ["rotation-high-point"]
sha':one's own [personal possessive)]
shad (MGV)|shi'nahp (TGV):brain
shan:transfer {n.} [inferred from /shan-hali/ and /lashan/]
abuli-sabuhashan heh fisolekaun: (ASF):Vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) ["vertical-? and ?"]
shaht:end {n.}
shahov:beach {n.}
pid-shahov:backshore {geol.} ["high-beach"]
shati-~:auto-~|automatic ~
shau:(to) break
shaukaush:passion(s) {anc.} ["break-wisdom"]
dahshau:(to) separate ["two-break"; see /dah/]
shailar:selves ["self-plural"]
ek'shailar:themselves ["all-selves"]
shaik:odd ["broken"]
shal:zone {n.} ["broken thing"]
ek'shal:-sphere ["all-zone"; as in "biosphere" etc.]
falun-shetau-ek'shal:ionosphere ["charge-?-all-zone"]
si-falek-ek'shal:thermosphere ["outer-heat-all-zone"]
ha-ek'shal:ecosphere {biol.} ["life-all-zone"]
igen-va-ek'shal:troposphere ["?-?-all-zone"]
kov-ek'shal:lithosphere {geol.} ["rock-all-zone"]
le-suma-ek'shal:cryosphere {meteo., ocean.} ["ice-all-zone"]
masu-ek'shal:hydrosphere ["water-all-zone"]
seshan-ek'shal:magnetosphere {meteo.} ["?-all-zone"]
si-ek'shal:exosphere {clim.} ["exo-all-zone"]
pid-sov-ek'shal:stratosphere ["high-air-all-zone"]
sviti-sov-ek'shal:mesosphere ["?-air-all-zone"]
a'rak-shal:positive area {meteo.} ["positive-zone"]
elkhrul-shal:area ["whole-zone"]
shaya:break {n.}
ex=masuk-shayaf:a very big ego [insult]
tal-shaya:/Tal-shaya/ (anc. technique once used for merciful execution) ["neck-breaking"; breaking another's neck with one hand; see /talu/]
moguhshau:(to) scrap ["?-debris-verb"]
guhsh(-tukh):debris {geol.}
guhsh-khartau-torektra:waste management system (WMS) ["debris-?-system"]
guhsh-skish:debris avalance {geol.} ["debris-?"]
guhsh-yumaya:debris flow {geol.} ["debris-?"]
ha-guhsh:detritus {biol.} ["life-debris"]
# ha-guhsh-kov:[see /kov/]
pleshau:(to) crush [inferred]
plesh:crush {n.}
plesh-gluder:crush depth {ocean.}
svi-shau:(to) interrupt ["into-break"]
vashau:(to) destroy ["infinite-break"; see /Va'Vuhnaya s'Va'Terishlar/]
ex=Vashau salan svailar svi'ne-yartra.:The wind is destroying the flowers in the meadow.
vravshau:(to) fail [reg. strong v.]
ex=Vravshau sa-kan nisan.:The boy fails the test.
ex=>Du vravshal srashiv t'Kolinahr.<:"*You* have not achieved Kolinahr." ["*You* failed achievement of-Kolinahr."; /du/ moved for emphasis]
she:scream {n.} ["raised voice"?]
shei:(to) scream [irr. strong v.]
ex=Shei le-matya.:The /le-matya/ screams.
shen:rise {n.}|ascent [from CLGV /skæn/ and AGV /ξ'ành/]
she-tor:(to) rise|ascend|go up
shoret:(to) call out|beckon
kwi'shoret:(to) call out to/beckon from far away
ex=:[see /hokni'es/ for ex.]
kwi'shoren:calling-out to/beckoning from far away
sheh:6 {enum.}
shehik:6 {adj.}
shehkuh:6 {card.}
sheh'rak:6th (TGV)
shehr-~:6th ~
shetau:(to) become [from CLGV /shætau/ and AGV /ξ'àntá/]
ex=:[see /ma/ for ex.]
shitau:(to) place|put
ex=Shitau Sonok ras-dunap fi'suk'pasu.:Sonok puts the heavy book on the big table.
shi'~:place of ~
shi'dunap:library ["place-of-book"]
shi'gluvaya:museum {arch.} ["place-of-display"]
shi'kwai:wilderness ["place-of-wild"]
shi'oren:institute ["place-of-study"]
ex=Shi'Oren t'Gen-Lis Vuhlkansu:Vulcan Language Institute ["place-of-study of-language Vulcan"]
shi'sochya:park (Vulcan style) ["place-of-peace"]
shi'yar:park (Terran style) ["place-of-green"]
shi'yon:volcano {colloq.} ["place-of-fire"; see /zul-kunel/]
shid:form {n.}
shidorau:(to) form
shidoraya:forming {ger.}
ex=Forming Diminutives & Augmentatives:Shidoraya t'Pinu-Zhitlar heh Hayat-Zhitlar
shit~:(related to position)
ex=fe-shitakik tor-zhitlar:prepositional verbs
ex=shiflar t'vel-zhit - tor-zhit:noun-verb pairs
pashif:(to) match
shivaya:paralysis {med.}
ul-shivaya:paresis {med.} ["partial-paralysis"]
shul:position {n.}
ma'shulan:superposition {n.}
shur t'plomik:/plomeek/ soup
ex=Tishau T'Luki kap k'shur t'plomik t'Sonok.:T'Luki likes bread with Sonok's /plomeek/ soup.
si'~:outside (of) ~
si-:exo~|outer(-) ~|ecto~|extra(-)~|exterior(-) ~
snazh:plasma {tech.}
snazh-gluvaya:plasma display ["plasma-display"]
ne-torektra t'snazh-gluvaya:plasma display subsystem ["sub-system of-plasma-display"]
snazh-mev:plasma conduit ["plasma-conduit"]
snauk:fork {n.}
ska'~:off (of) ~
skveon-~:east ~
Skveon-Mershtijki:East Mershtak
pla'yumaya t'skaun-sa'haf-tuhllar:gastroesophageal reflux ["back-? of-?-?-?"]
skothon:survey {n.} {aero.}
skothon-tor:(to) survey {aero.}
slah:fiber {biol.}
slahtra:bundle {med.}
pi'slahtra:fascicle {med.}
slor:sweet [inferred]
slor-tukh:sugar {biol.} ["sweet-stuff"]
pid-nosh t'slor-tukh svi'vazh:glycosuria {med.} ["high-? of-sweet-stuff inside-?"]
kau-slor-tukh:pentose {biol.} ["five-sweet-stuff"]
lapan-slor-tukh:xylose {biol.} ["?-sweet-stuff"]
nen-slor-tukh:glucose {biol.} ["single-sweet-stuff"]
ritsuri-nosh t'nen-slor-tukh svi'vazh:glucosuria {med.} ["irregular-? of-single-sweet-stuff inside-?"]
khaf-slor-tukh:blood sugar {med.} ["blood-sweet-stuff"; inferred]
pid-nosh t'khaf-slor-tukh:hyperglycemia {med.} ["high-condition of-blood-sweet-stuff"]
nuk-nosh t'khaf-slor-tukh:hypoglycemia {med.} ["low-condition of-blood-sweet-stuff"]
nalesh-slor-tukh:ketose {biol.} ["?-sweet-stuff"]
potau-slor-tukh:sucrose {biol.} ["?-sweet-stuff"]
savas-slor-tukh:fructose {biol.} ["fruit-sweet-stuff"]
sheh-slor-tukh:hexose {biol.} ["six-sweet-stuff"]
thas-slor-tukh:lactose {biol.} ["milk-sweet-stuff"]
smertau:? {v.}
smertaufa:? {n.}
smertausu:? {n.}
sochya-bosh(-~):peaceful ~
stego'sohruhs (abu-math-pla'dorfa daino'sohr):stegosaurus {zool.} {borr.} ["stegosaurus (up-plate-?-?-dinosaur"]
solai:field {agr., fig.}
solektra:ground {n.} ["field-all-there"]
sov:air {n.}
visovau:(to) blow up|inflate
sovtra-vohraun:aerobraking ["air-there-pausing"]
sov-~:aerial {adj.}
sov-morov:aerial combat ["air-?"]
suk-sov-dan:cyclone (rotation area) {meteo.} ["big-air-rotation"]
sovash-~:base|alkaline ["air-?", due to gasses being a part of bases]
spahk:claw {n.} {biol.}
# spahk-mal-aushfa:crustacean {biol.} ["claw-leg-animal"; see /aushfa/]
spanakau:(to) govern {pol.}
spanadvel-tor:(to) vote ["govern-choose"]
spanadvelan:vote {n.} ["govern-choosing"]
spanadvelsu:voter ["govern-choose-person"]
spanakausu:governor {pol.} ["govern-person"]
krusol-spanakausu:state governor {pol.} ["state-governor"]
spanakhat:government {pol.} ["?-rule"]
abu-tospanakelsu:senator {n.}
shasol-ek'pumal-spanakhatektra:communism {pol.} ["?-all-?-government-?"]
tasular-spanakhatektra:democracy {pol.} ["?-{pl.}-goverment-?"]
tasular-spanakau-zahelsu:democrat {pol.} ["?-{pl.}-govern-?-person"]
spanakhat-fam:anarchy {pol.} ["government-without"]
spanakhat-fam-dva:anarchism {pol.} ["government-without-?"]
spanakhat-fam-dvasu:anarchist {pol.} ["government-without-?-person"]
teruk-spanakhat:federal government {pol.} ["?-government"]
odontra-spanakrus:treasury department ["?-govern-?"]
shasol-spanakrus:state department ["?-govern-?"]
spanasutra:party {n.} {pol.} ["govern-person-there"]
Ek'ka-Abukhau-Spanasutra:Fascist Party ["all-same-rule-party"]
Ek'sitra-Spanasutra:Green Party ["all-?-party"]
Korsat-Spanasutra:Conservative Party ["?-party"]
Shasol-Ek'pumal-Spanasutra:Communist Party ["?-all-?-party"]
Shila-Dva-Spanasutra:Socialist Party ["?-?-party"]
Spantabralesku-Spanasutra:Republican Party ["?-party"]
Su'el-Spanasutra:Libertarian Party ["?-?-party"]
Svitan-Spanasutra:Centrist Party ["?-party"]
Tasular-Spanasutra:Democratic Party ["?-{pl.}-party"]
Tikop-Spanasutra:Independent Party ["?-party"]
Tu'el-Spanasutra:Liberal Party ["?-?-party"]
Zup-Spanasutra:Labo(u)r Party ["work-party"]
to'ankha-spanasutra:political party ["?-party"]
spana-ornasu:chancellor {pol.}
spo'~:à la|after|in the manner/style of ~
spolek:experiment {n.}
sposhan:eruption [from CLGV /spohshan/ and AGV /sp'àξònh/]
spol:pump {n.}
# khaf-spol:[see /khaf/]
stariben:(to) talk
ex=>Kup stariben (ha).<:"Can you speak?" ["Can speak (yes)."]
stau:(to) kill
ex=Stau le-matya sehlat t'dular.:The /le-matya/ kills your {pl.} /sehlat/.
steh:7 {enum.}
steh'rak:7th (TGV)
stehr-~:7th ~
stehik:7 {adj.}
stehkuh:7 {card.}
stonn:horn|antler [from CLGV, derived from AGV /stònh/]
ex=stor-shidlar:advanced forms
stron:escape {n.}
stron-tor:(to) escape
stukh:(outer) space ["from-stuff"?; see /tukh/]
~su:~ person [e.g. (o)savensu -- (honored) teacher, "(honored) teaching person"]
osu:gentleman|sir|lady|madam [generic term, "honored person"]
osular:gentlemen|sirs|ladies|ladies & gentlemen ["honored people"]
su'us:number {n.}
suk('~):big ~ [augmentative prefix]
ex=Sonok suk.:Sonok is tall. ["Sonok is big."]
suk-~:big (augmentative)
ex=suk-sehlat:a big or large /sehlat/ [can mean size, maturity and/or suggest a level of some clumsiness or brutishness. It can occasionally be taken as an endearment, just as in the FSE construction "big ole /Sehlat/".]
ex=suk-Spola:Big Spola [only use with children]
eksuk-~:exceedingly big (augmentative; almost too big to be described) [see /ek/]
ex=eksuk-sehlat:a gargantuan /sehlat/ [so big, that it is frightening or monstrous. This would conjur up the thought of a cinematic monster, like Godzilla or King Kong.]
masuk-~:very big (indeed)|gigantic|huge (augmentative) [see /ma/]
ex=masuk-sehlat:a very big or very large /sehlat/ [can mean it is old, full-grown and/or suggest a high level of clumsiness or brutishness]
tsuk-~:common ~ ["of-big"?]
Tsuk-Zukitan:Common Script (Vulcan writing script)
tsuri(-~):common|regular|usual ~
tsurkan'es:consistency {n.}
tsurkan(-~|ik):consistent {adj.}
ritsurkan'es:inconsistency [inferred]
ritsurkan(-~|ik):inconsistent {adj.} [inferred]
ritsuri(-~):uncommon|irregular|unusual ~
sutauk:bay {naut.} [inferred]
sutauk t'hash-raf-vellar:avionics bay
za-kwitek-sutauk:aft thruster compartment
tum-vel-sutauk:computer bay
raf-ar'kada-sutauk:electronics bay
fisolekau-sutauk:landing bay
spusau-sutauk:launch bay
nel-mish-sutauk:main engineering
shan-hali-sutauk:shuttle(craft) bay
wun-sutauk:weapons bay
sva'~:between ~
ex=Le-matya na'svep heh sehlat na'yon.:The /le-matya/ is at the door and the /sehlat/ is at the fire.
ex=Svep pi eh yon suk.:The door is small and the fire is big.
# svi'~:amid(st)|among(st)|in the midst of|inside (of) ~ [see /vi/]
swana:/swana/ (a rare and precious item) [from CLGV /swlana/ and AGV /s'w'lhánh/]
t'~:of|belonging to ~
t'forti:finally {anc.}
t'hai'la:(close[st]) friend|soulmate [often transcribed /t'hyla/]
ex=>Goh kup-tar-tor nash-veh nash pa't'hai'la – t'katralar ki'ragel-tor svi'halovayalar - vesht nam-tor t'osa-veh dan-komihn t'ek.<:"Of my friend, I can only say this: of all the souls I have encountered in my travels, his was the most… human." ["Only able-to-say this-one this about-closest-friend – of-souls have-met in-travels - past to-be of-honored-male-one most-human of-all."; from Kirk's funeral speech for Spock]
t'san s'at:a process of eliminating emotions {anc.}
(ho-)ta'a:/taal/ {anc.} (traditional Vulcan hand salute) [right hand raised vertically so that the palm is shown to the person greeted; angle between thumb and index finger, and middle and ring finger, to form a "V" each]
Ta'raf-Shal:Neutral Zone
Ta'raf-Shal Rihansu:Romulan Neutral Zone
tab-ma:late {anc.}
ex=>I'tah tehrai k'etwel.<:"He will not achieve his goal with us." ["Now-unobtainable goal with-us."]
takov(-~):pretty ~
tal:study {n.}
ek'tal:science ["all-study"]
ek'talsu:scientist ["all-study-person"]
talal:find(ing)|discovery {n.} ["studied"]
tal-tor:(to) find
patal-tor:(to) detect
patalan:detection {n.}
satalau:(to) determine
satalaya:determination [inferred]
tam:dance {n.}
tam-tor:(to) dance
tan:donation|gift|present {n.}
tanek:dispenser {auto.} ["donation-all"]
khaf-tansu:blood donor {med.}
tan-tor:(to) give (MGV)
tanaf:art {n.}
nuk-yem-tanekik:oligotrophic {ocean.} ["low-meal-?"]
tar:say {n.}
taran:saying {n.}
tar-tor:(to) say
tash:control {n.}
tashal (MGV)|tash-shal (TGV):control console
tashek:control (device)|controller {n.} ["control-all"]
nazh-tashek:gain control ["?-control-all-"]
ral'es-tashek:volume control ["?-control"]
threshan-tashek:throttle {n.} {aero.} {mil.} ["speed-control"]
threshyu-tashek:throttle {n.} {auto.} {tech.} ["?-control-all"]
wadi-kash-tashek:dermal sensor control ["?-?-control-all"]
el'rupik thro-svep-tashek:manual hatch control ["?-? ?-door-control"]
tash-katrom:control current ["control-?"]
tash-math:control panel ["control-plate"]
dakharau-tash-math:helm control panel ["?-control-plate"]
kharau-tash-math:navigation control panel ["?-control-plate"]
pohshau-tash-math:fire control panel ["?-control-plate"]
tash-nelka:control pedestal ["control-?"]
tash-noshtra-tal:eugenics ["control-characteristic-study"]
tash-noshtra-talsu:eugenicist ["control-characteristic-study-person"]
tash-dvunek:coluntary muscle ["control-?"]
tash-svitan:bridge|command center {naut.} ["control-?"]
thro-gol'dvunek t'tash-svitan:bridge access relay ["?-? of-command-?"]
kvath-tash-svitan:emergency bridge ["?-command-?"]
nel-tash-svitan:main bridge ["?-command-?"]
tash-tol:regulator gene
tash-tor:(to) control
ek'nosh-tash:climate control {meteo.} ["all-condition-control"]
fik-nu-tash:top-down control {ocean.} ["?-down-control"]
lanet-abu-tash:bottom-up control {ocean.} ["?-up-control"]
ha-tash:biological control
# malat-tash:natural control [see /malat/]
dvunek-tash-svitan:cerebellum {med.} ["?-control-?"]
nahp-tash-svitan:cerebrum ["thought-control-?"]
si-tin t'nahp-tash-svitan:cerebral cortex ["outer-layer of-thought-control-?"]
folau-tash-kwitek:Reaction-control thruster ["?-control-?"]
folau-tash-torektra (FTT):reaction-control system (RCS) {tech.} ["?-control-system"]
kvath-tash-svitan (KTS):auxiliary control (room) {tech.} ["?-control-?"]
vlaik kwitau-tash-torektra (VKTT):lateral impulse control system ["? ?-control-system"]
zakar-tash:damage control ["damage-control"]
vihish-tash-torektra:pressure control system ["pressure-control-system"]
ek'meklar t'vihish-tash-torektra:pressure control system safeties ["all-? of-pressure-control-system"]
tashuhl-mazhiv-kov:arkose {geol.}
tashuhnu-tukh:rhyolite {geol.}
tashuh-~|tashuhk:felsic {geol.}
tau:fever {anc.}
plak-tau:/plak-tau/ {anc.} ["blood-fever", also transcribed /plak tow/; metabolic chemical imbalance due to the Vulcan mating cycle, terminal if untreated; see /pon farr/]
tau-kath:"fever healing" ["fever-?"]
taul-tulek:dive tank {ocean.} ["?-?"]
tav:rate {n.}
ha'gel-haulan-tavat:albedo ["light-?-?"]
tav-tor:(to) rate
tchai:tea (Terran style)
tchas:warp {n.}
tchas-apalikau-tikap t'Skoht:Scott warp startup method ["warp-?-? of-Scott"]
tchas-klai:warp factor ["warp-?"]
tchas-mev:warp conduit ["warp-conduit"]
tchas-mishu:warp engine ["warp-?"]
tchas-mishu-leshek:warp engine nacelle ["warp-?-?"]
feretai t'tchas-nosh-nisaklar:warp diagnostic assembly (WDA) ["? of-warp-condition-?"]
tchas-snazh:warp plasma ["warp-?"; inferred]
nen-yemek t'tchas-snazh:primary warp plasma feed (PWPF) ["primary-? of-warp-?"]
ne-patorayek t'tchas-snazh:warp plasma subprocessor ["sub-? of-warp-?"]
tchas-snazh-kapol:warp plasma filter ["warp-?-?"]
tchas-snazh-mev:warp plasma conduit (WPC) ["warp-?-conduit"]
tchas-snazh-tihetilayek:warp plasma stabilizer ["warp-?-?"]
tchas-threshan:warp speed ["warp-speed"]
tchas-tviyan:warp core ["warp-?"]
viskulan-tertitayek t'tchas-tviyan:warp core matrix compositor (WCMC) ["?-? of-warp-?"]
tchas-tviyan-shaya:warp core breach ["warp-?-break"]
tchas-vunai:warp field ["warp-?"]
ferek-kebi t'tchas-vunai:warp field generator unit ["?-? of-warp-?"]
tchas-vunai-ferek:warp field generator (WFG) ["warp-?-?"]
tchas-yeturek:warp drive
tchas-yeturek t'Alkubiyer:Alcubierre warp drive
tchas-yeturek t'Kakruhn:Cochrane warp drive
tchas-yeturek t'dah-da-sfek:coaxial warp drive ["warp-drive of-two-?-point"]
fe-palikau-zehlanayek t'tchas-yeturek:warp drive prestart sequencer (WDPS) ["?-start-? of-warp-drive"]
mesakh-tchas-yeturek (MTY):transwarp drive ["trans-warp-?"]
mesakh-tchas:transwarp ["trans-warp"]
mesakh-tchas-tvur:transwarp corridor ["trans-war-?"]
te'koshif:architecture {anc.} [originally a compound word]
teh:100 {enum., card.}
teh'rak:100th (TGV)
tehr-~:100th ~
tehrai:goal {n.}
tehik:100 {adj.}
teh kau-leh:150 {enum., card.}
teh kau-leh'rak:150th (TGV)
teh kau-lehr-~:150th ~
teh kau-lehik:150 {adj.}
dah-teh:200 {enum., card.}
dah-teh'rak:200th (TGV)
dah-tehr-~:200th ~
dah-tehik:200 {adj.}
leh-teh:1000 {enum., card.}
leh-tehik:1000 {adj.}
leh-teh kau-teh:1500 {enum., card.}
leh-teh kau-teh'rak:1500th (TGV)
leh-teh kau-tehr-~:1500th ~
leh-teh kau-tehik:1500 {adj.}
dah-leh-teh:2000 {enum., card.}
dah-leh-tehik:2000 {adj.}
tehn'~:against ~|anti-~
tel:bond {n.}
tel-tor:(to) bond
natel:module (unit) {tech.}
dvin-natel:service module (SM) {aero.}
ek'tal-natel:science module {aero.}
ek'tal-zup-natel:laboratory module {aero.}
ha'ayek-natel:habitat module {aero.}
lunupik ifis-natel:lunar module (LM) {aero.}
Luna-skonnik thro-ifis-natel:lunar surface access module (LSAM) {aero.}
karhtau-natel:command module (CM) {aero.}
raf-ar'kadaik tash-natel:electronic control module (ECM) {auto.}
tsorau-natel:storage module {aero.}
natel-tor:(to) bind
natel-tukh:binder {chem.}
putel-tor:(to) be bonded
Tela'at:elder (title of respect for advanced age /Kolinahru/)
telv:reading {n.}
telv-tor:(to) read
temok:wall {n.}
ten-mal:early ["?-leg"]
terek:affix {n.}
terek-tor:(to) affix
teresh-kah:/Teresh-kah/ (a type of bird)
ex=Teresh-kah suk.:The /teresh-kah/ bird is big.
ex=wan-kur teresh-kah:white /teresh-kah/ bird
terkwulek:collider (device)
fau-yut-terkwul:road (traffic) collision {fire rescue}
halakiv-terkwul:traffic collision {fire rescue}
svi-sov-terkwul:mid-air collision {aero.}
tehn-terkwul-garibek:anti-collision beacon {aero.}
tehn-terkwul-ha'gellar:anti-collision lights {aero.}
terkwul-tvi-temok:collision bulkhead {aero.}
terkwul-tor:(to) collide
tersau:(to) connect
tersa'es:connectivity ["connect-noun"]
fau-ku-tersaya:saddle connection ["?-?-connection"]
mes-tersaya:cross connection ["cross-connection"]
pla-yumau-tersaya:backflow connection ["?-?-connection"]
tersayek:connector {aero.}
nisau-tersayek t'hal-tukh-spol:fuel pump test connector {auto.} ["?-connector of-?-stuff-pump"]
raf-tersayek:electrical connector {aero.} ["?-connector"]
yemtersau-tersayalar:umbilical connections {aero.} ["?-connections"]
satersau:(to) disconnect
tersau-fek:connecting rod {auto.} ["connect-?"]
terti-~:compound ~
terra:Terra (Earth)
Terrasu:Terran (Earthling)|Human {n.}
tevan:fall|descent {n.}
tevi-~:dead ~
tevul:crash {n.} ["fallen"]
tevun:year [from leaves falling every autumn?]
tevunik:perennial {adj.} ["yearly"]
wuh-tevunik:annual {adj.} ["one-yearly"]
dah-tevunik:biennial {adj.} ["two-yearly"]
tevun-yonuk:season ["year(ly)-burning"; see /yon/]
pseth-tevun-yonuk:dry season [see /psethau/]
to'ovau-tevun-yonuk:growing season [see /to'ovau/]
teh-tevun:century ["hundred-year"]
leh-teh-tevun:millennium ["thousand-year"]
tev-tor:(to) fall|descend
ex=Tev-tor wu-lipau fi'lan-tol.:The long knife falls on the floor.
mestev-tor:(to) fall across
mestevan:across-fall, falling-across
nutev-tor:(to) fall down [see /nu/]
ex=Nutev-tor Sonok kaiden.:Sonok falls down the stairs. ["Fall-down Sonok stairs."; *not*: /Tev-tor Sonok nu'kaiden./]
nutevan:downfall, falling-down {n.}
ex=tevyan-morlar:the falling leaves
thas:milk {n.}
thasau:(to) lactate
thasaya:lactation ["milking"]
pehk-thasaya:ablactation ["stop-milking"]
thask:breast {TGV} {LGV} [cognate with /thasek/ "milk-all"]
thasek-gonaf:nipple [from {anc.} /thask-gonaf/ "breast-button"]
thask-dah'haf:bra {TGV} {LGV} ["breast-two-gap"]
thask-rasathra:breast cancer {TGV} ["breast-?"]
thask-vishi-vel:breast implant {TGV} ["breast-into-place-thing"]
thask-yem-tor:(to) breastfeed {TGV} ["breast-meal-to-do"]
thak:breast {MGV}
thak-dahf:bra {MGV} ["breast-?"]
thak-rasathra:breast cancer {MGV} ["breast-?"]
thak-vishi-vel:breast cancer {MGV} ["breast-into-place-thing"]
thak-yem-tor:(to) breastfeed {TGV} ["breast-meal-to-do"]
thasnemek:milking machine
thasnem-tor:(to) milk (by machine) ["milk-take-to-do"]
sfith-thas:sour milk ["?-milk"]
thas-aluk:milk fish ["milk-fish"]
thas-aushfa:mammal ["milk-animal"]
deltuh'therihdiuhm (reh-tarkiv-zud'veh ten-malik thas-aushfa):deltatheridium {paleo.} {borr.}
fe-thas-aushfa:protomammal {paleo.}
lai'keinaps (wolf-limukalik fu-thas-aushfa):lycaenops {paleo.} {borr.}
thrihnahksuh'dan (ten-malik fu-thas-aushfa):thrinaxodon {paleo.} {borr.}
sa'haf-thas-aushfa:marsupial {n.} ["pouch-mammal"]
gad-keshtanik sa'haf-thas-aushfa:alphadon {paleo.}
bosh-patam'veh (thas-aushfa-orfikk):hadrocodium {paleo.}
thas-mev:lactoferous duct {anat.}
thas-pi'nafek:mammary gland {anat.} ["milk-small-organ"; see /pi'nafek/]
thas-skaun-zalu:lactase {biol.}
thas-spol:breast pump ["milk-pump"]
thas-tehsik:casein {biol.}
thas-tor:(to) milk (manually) ["milk-to-do"]
thas-vedik-ravot:milkweed bug {zool.} ["milk-?-bug"]
thanai:(to) adopt [irr. strong v.]
ex=Thanai Sonok heh T'Luki sa-kan heh ko-kan.:Sonok and T'Luki are adopting a boy and a girl.
thal-tukh:detritus {anorg.}
Theisuhs|Theizuhs:Thasus {borr. from FSE}
thel-~:fat ~
thel'an-~:obese ~
vunai-khlop-thon:field geometry {tech.} ["field-?-measurement"]
thonalik:measured {adj.}
sov-dukal-vel na'salan-thonan:rawinsonde ["air-?-thing for-wind-measuring"]
thonan-fek:ruler {med.} ["measuring-?"]
glu-masutra-thonaya:bathymetry ["deep-?-measuring"]
thonek:meter (device)
thonek t'masu-muhs-tuhl:psychrometer ["meter of-water-vapor-contain"]
thonek t'wan-tin-lanet:ceilometer {meteo.} ["meter of-white-layer-bottom"; device for determining the height of a cloud base]
thonek t'sov-masu-theklar:disdrometer ["meter of-air-water-?"]
bal-thonek:calipers {tech.} ["?-meter"]
numo-bal-thonek:microcaliper ["microscopic-?-meter"]
seshu-bal-thonek:gravitic calipers ["?-?-meter"]
falek-thonek:thermometer {tech.} ["heat-meter"]
falek'es-thonek:thermometer {meteo.} ["temperature-meter"]
mashuk-falek'es-thonek:bucket thermometer ["?-temperature-meter"]
galat-thonek:inclinometer ["?-meter"]
gluder-thonek:depth finder ["depth-meter"]
halek-dan-thonek:cyclometer ["wheel-rotation-meter"]
ihn-thonek:densitometer ["?-meter"]
kahat-thonek t'kas-yar-kurek:fluorometer ["?-meter of-chlorophyll"]
khaf-spolik raf-bes-thonek:electrocardiograph ["heart ?-?-meter"]
khaf-vihish-thonek:sphygmomanometer ["blood-pressure-meter"]
kur-thonek:colorimeter ["color-meter"]
kurtra-thonek:spectrometer ["color-there-meter"]
masu-thonek:hydrometer ["water-meter"]
asal-masu-thonek:drosometer ["morning-water-meter"]
sov-masu-thonek:hygrometer ["air-water-meter"]
na-sovau-thonek:evaporimeter ["?-?-meter"]
dvunek-toranik raf-bes-thonek:electromyograph ["?-busy ?-?-meter"]
salan-thonek:anemometer ["wind-meter"]
seshan-thonek:magnetometer ["?-meter"]
nu-seshan-thonek:gravimeter ["small-?-meter"]
shad-pralik raf-bes-thonek:electroencephalograph ["?-? ?-?-meter"]
smish-thonek:dynamometer ["?-meter"]
solektra-hutaya-thonek:seismometer ["?-?-meter"]
sov-ne'hish-thonek:barometer {tech.} ["air-?-meter"]
sov-vihish-thonek:barometer {ocean.} ["air-pressure-meter"]
dvunek-elekik sov-vihish-thonek:aneroid barometer {meteo.} ["?-? air-pressure-meter"]
vath-yut-thonek:interferometer ["?-way-meter"]
vul-thonek:climometer ["?-meter"]
yumau-thonek:flowmeter {geo.}|flow monitor {tech.} ["?-meter"]
zhu-thonek:audiometer ["hearing-meter"]
thon-tor:(to) measure ["measure-to-do"]
ex=:[see /nem-tor/ for ex.]
thresha:(to) throttle
threshan:speed {n.}
threshan t'tvi-shi-toraya:idle speed {auto.}
mishu-threshan t'tvi-shi-toraya:engine idle speed {auto.}
threshan-tash t'tvi-shi-toraya:idle speed control (ISC) {auto.}
vidvun-fek-pakuv t'threshan t'tvi-shi-toraya:Idle speed solenoid {auto.}
abuthreshan:throttle-up {n.} {aero.}
abuthresha:(to) throttle up {aero.} ["up-?"]
abuli-threshan:vertical speed {aero.} ["vertical-speed"]
abuli-threshan-yal:vertical speed indicator {aero.} ["vertical-?-?"]
betau-threshan:approach speed {aero.}
bol-threshan:critical speed {aero.}
fna-sov-threshan:air speed
yal t'fna-sov-threshan:air speed indicator (ASI) {aero.}
yeht-sov-threshan:true air speed (TAS) {aero.}
firalash-threshan:Sonic speed {aero.}
ha'gel-hal-threshan:light speed
ha'gel-threshan:speed of light (SOL)
ralash-threshan:speed of sound {aero.}
trasha-threshan:departure speed {aero.}
yuti-threshan:horizontal speed {aero.}
yuti-threshan-yal:horizontal speed indicator {aero.}
5-threshanik mesmishek-da-fek:5-speed transaxle {auto.}
4-threshanik mesmishek-da-fek:4-speed transaxle {auto.}
hali-threshan-kashek:vehicle speed sensor (VSS) {auto.}
threshan-mik-yal:speedometer {auto.}
thro:access {n.}
throks:(to) give (access) {TGV}
thro-tor:(to) access
thurai(-~):next ~
abuli-tihetilayek:vertical stabilizer {aero.} ["vertical-?"]
tin:layer|stratum {med., geol.}
abru-masu-tin t'suk'muzh:epilimnion ["above-water-layer of-lake"]
# to'ovau-tin t'lap-vukhut:[see /to'ovau/]
wan-tin:cloud layer ["white-layer"]
wan-tin-lanet:ceiling|cloud base {meteo.} ["white-layer-bottom"]
thonalik wan-tin-lanet:measured ceiling {meteo.} ["measured white-layer-bottom"]
tishau:(to) like [reg. strong v.]
ex=Tishau sa-kan ko-kan,:The boy likes the girl.
ex=Tishau T'Luki yon-kur heh zhar-kur svailar hi ri nev-kur.:T'Luki likes red and orange flowers but not maroon ones.
tishaya:like|liking {n.}
ritishau:(to) dislike
ex=Ritishau Sonok bar-kas svi'shur t'plomik t'T'Luki.:Sonok dislikes the spice in T'Luki’s /plomeek/ soup.
tivad:grade {n.} [class]
ex=Kan t'sa-veh svi'shehr-tivad.:His child is in the 6th grade. ["Child of-male-one in-6th-grade."]
Tlingansu:Klingon {n.}
to-tan:right {n.} {law}
to'ankhasu:politician ["political-person"]
to'ankhatra:politics ["political-there"]
to'ankha-stau:assassinate {pol.} ["political-kill"]
to'ankha-stausu:assassin {pol.} ["political-killer"]
to'ankha-staya:assassination {pol.} ["political-killing"]
to'ovau:(to) grow
# to'ovau-tevun-yonuk:[see /tevun-yonuk/]
to'ovau-tin t'lap-vukhut:cambium {bot.} ["grow-layer of-tree-body"]
nala-to'ovaya:cell growth
tor:(to) do|make [from CLGV /thor/ and AGV /dhórh/]
~-tor:(weak verb form)
tor-bosh:process {n.}
tor-zhit:verb ["to-do-word"]
# tor-yehat:possible ["make-true"; see /yeht/]
torah:(to) act (on sth.) [produce an effect]
ex=Au toranik svi'solai.:They are busy|occupied in the field.
ex=Du toranik.:You are busy|occupied.
torektra:system ["do-all-there"]
toru-zhit:imperative ["make-word"]
dotor:(to) plan
ex=Ri dotor nash-veh hal-tor na'Shi'Kahr.:I am not planning to go to Shi'Kahr. ["Not plan this-one to-go to-Shi'Kahr"]
tomasu:relative {n.}
ex=Rok-tor etek tra'tal-tor sehlatlar.:We hope to find sehlats there. ["Hope we there-find sehlats."]
ex=Aitlu tu fa-gad tra'hal-tor ha.:Do you want to go there tomorrow? ["Want you tomorrow there-go?"]
trasha:(to) leave
tral:surge {n.} {aero.}
tral-tor:(to) surge
trau(-~):honest ~
ritrau(-~):dishonest ~
ex=Ferengi ritrau hi Vuhlkansu trau.:A Ferengi is dishonest but a Vulcan is honest.
travilau:(to) compile
travek:party (group)
ex=treit t'kushel:flock of birds ["flock of-bird"]
trel:slip {n.} {aero.}
trel-tor:(to) slip {aero.}
thruhk(-zehl):latitude {geo.}
ka-truhk(~-|ik):geostationary {adj.} [inferred] ["same-latitude"]
ka-truhkik pa-yut:geostationary orbit {aero.}
ka-truhkik gol'dvun-sutor-aikum:geostationary relay satellite
tsaebb-~:west ~ {obs.}
Tsaebb-Mershtijkk:West Mershtak (Vulcan language)
tselau:(to) mutate
tselau-palikauk:mutagenic {adj.} ["mutate-commencing"]
tselau-tav:mutation rate
pla'rak-tselaya:reverse mutation ["?-?-mutation"]
tsel-~:mutant ~ {adj.}
tselik:mutant {adj.}
tu'ash:(to) open
ex=Tu'ash sa-kan gahv-kur svep.:The boy opens the purple door.
tuhlau:(to) contain [inferred]
tuhlau-nelka t'dah-pim-khushlar (TNDPKh):dilithium containment pedestal ["contain-? of-two-?-?"]
tuhlau-torektra:containment system ["contain-system"]
tuhlau-torektra t'tukh-tehn-tukh (TTTT):matter/antimatter containment system ["contain-system of-?-?-?"]
# tuhlau-vunai:[see /vunai/]
kef-tuhlau-vis:emergency containment grid ["?-contain-web"]
tuhlek:container {tech.}|tank {ocean.}
tuhlek t'vimashal-masu-tukh:liquid hydrogen tank ["tank of-?-water-?"]
tuhlek t'vimashal-sov-tukh:liquid nitrogen tank ["tank of-?-air-?"]
tuhlek t'vimashal-esh-tukh:liquid oxygen tank ["tank of-?-oxygen"]
esh-tukh-tuhlek:oxygen tank {ocean.} ["breathe-stuff-tank"; see /esh-tukh/]
set-tuhlek:drop tank ["?-tank"]
sa'ovau-tuhlek:expansion tank ["?-tank"]
seshan-korsau-tuhlek:magnetic storage bottle ["?-?-container"]
tuhsau:(to) cross
tuhsk:comment {n.}
tukh:material|substance|stuff|element {chem.}
bal-tukh:erbium {chem.} ["?-?"]
bali-tukh:samarium {chem.} ["thick-?"]
masu-tukh:hydrogen {chem.} ["water-stuff"]
(nen-)nala-tukh:cytoplasm {biol.} ["(?-)cell-stuff"]
nen-kas-tukh:cellulose ["?-plant-stuff"]
ras-tukh:lead {chem.} ["heavy-stuff"]
skamau-tukh:attractant {biol.} ["?-?-stuff"]
sov-tukh:nitrogen ["air-?"]
reh-masuyu t'sov-tukh:ammonia [NH_3; "three-hydrogen (out-)of-(one-)nitrogen"]
tehn-ausham-tukh:antivenin {biol.} ["?-?-stuff"]
tehn-hasam-tukh:antitoxin {biol.} ["?-?-stuff"]
tehn-folau-tukh:allergen {biol.} ["?-?-stuff"]
tehn-vihk-tukh:anticoagulin {biol.} ["?-?-stuff"]
toltra-tukh:chromatin {biol.} ["?-stuff"]
tvi-tukh:endoplasm {biol.} ["?-stuff"]
wu-dau-tukh:auxin {biol.} ["?-?-stuff"]
tum:(to) tally {v.}|sum {n.}
tum-vel:computer ["tally(ing)-thing"]
tunuh:tuna {zool.} {borr.}
suk-bezhun-tunuh:bigeye tuna ('ahi po'onui, mebachi)
tusla:cargo {n.}
ek'tusla:bulk {n.} {naut.}
tev-sai-tusla:paracargo {fire rescue}
tusla-fisolekayek:cargo lander
tusla-ifisek:cargo transporter
tusla-kebi:cargo unit
tusla-leshek:cargo carrier [see /leshek/]
tusla-natel:cargo module
tusla-tsorau-keltra (TTK):cargo storage complex
tusla-tsorau-shal:(cargo) hold|trunk {auto.}
tusla-tus-toll:cargo loading floor
tusla-tvi'haf:cargo pod
tusla-sutauk:cargo bay
tusla-sutauk-dvep:cargo bay door
tvah:meaning {n.}
tvesh(-~|ik):original ~
tvi-~:endo~|inner-~|inter~ {adj.}
tvik:inside (adj. standalone)
tvur:corridor [inferred from /mesakh-tchas-tvur/]
u'~:as ~
uf mau:how much
ex=Nam-tor falek uf mau.:How hot is it? ["Is heat how much."]
uf wehk:how many
ugel-~:bright ~
ukraluk:reptile {n.} [from CLGV, derived from AGV /úhrállu/, meaning "one who crawls"]
saino'dant (dag-zud'veh thas-aushfa-ukraluk):cynodont {paleo.} {borr.}
sainag'nathuths (dag-ahs'veh thas-aushfa-ukraluk):cynognathus {paleo.} {borr.}
teno'spandihluhs (thalv-pla'dorfa thas-aushfa-ukraluk):ctenospondylus {paleo.} {borr.}
pluh'seriuhs (thas-aushfa-ukraluk):placerias {paleo.} {borr.}
# ul-shivaya:[see /shivaya/]
ulidar:scar|cicatrix {med.}
tersau-ulidar:hilum {biol.} ["?-scar"]
shahov-pid-ulidar:beach crest {geo.} ["?-high-scar"]
zehl-ulidar:striation {geol.} ["line-scar"]
uralau:(to) sing
urozh:crop(s) {n.} {anc.}
Va'Vuhnaya s'Va'Terishlar (VVVT):Infinitite Diversity in Infinite Combinations (IDIC) {phil.}
vah:as [inferred]
vak-zehl:x-ray {n.} {aero.}
vak-zehl-tor:(to) x-ray {aero.}
vakav(-~):frequent ~
rivak:course {n.} ["infrequently (changing)"?]
vakav'es:frequency [inferred]
mair-nuk-vakav'es (MNV):extremely low frequency (ELF)
ohm-nuk-vakav'es (ONV):ultra low frequency (ULF) {tech.}
tchu-nuk-vakav'es (TNV):very low frequency (VLF) {tech.}
mair-pid-vakav'es (MPV):extremely high frequency (EHF)
ohm-pid-vakav'es (OPV):ultra high frequency (UHF) {tech.}
vakh:bold {adj.}
vahl:(to) grant
vanu-~:ceremonial ~
Vanu-Zukitan:Ceremonial Script (Vulcan writing script)
vazgau:(to) steal
ex=Vazgau ridorli Tellarsu ek'zerlar t'etek s'pi'kitau-skaf.:The dishonorable Terran steals jewels of us from the small desk. ["Steal dishonorable Terran jewels of-we from small desk."]
ved-~:quite ~
velak:element {math.} {film}
nodo-velak:fixed element {film}
zehl-velak:line element {math.}
vel-zhit:noun ["thing-word"]
guv-ta'rafik vel-zhit:gender-neutral noun {gr.}
veli-~:easy|simple ~
ex=veli-zhitlar:simple words
ein-vel:something ["some-thing"]
ven-dol-tar:philosophy {anc.}
vesht ~:(past form)
ex=vesht gla-tor au:they saw ["past see they"]
ex=tishal du:you liked
ex=Vesht gla-tor du dunap ha.:Did you see the book? ["Saw you book yes."]
ex=Vesht gla-tor etek ha'gel.:We saw the light. ["Past see we light."]
ex=Vesht nem-tor T'Luki yon-kur dunap.:T'Luki took the yellow book.
ex=Vesht yokul Sonok yarmok.:Sonok ate the salad.
ex=Vesht stron-tor kushel s'kraisek.:The bird escaped from the cage.
ex=Vesht nashiv-tor le-matyalar kuht t'sehlat t'au.:The /le-matya/ attacked their herd of /sehlats/.
ex=Vesht tal-tor ko-kan tal-muv heh klachek fi'pasu.:The girl found the key and the lock on the table.
ex=Vesht fas-tor sa-kan khi-gad-yem heh leipau kap.:The boy cooked the lunch and baked the bread.
ex=Vesht hash-tor T'Luki shan-hali vi'stukh.:T'Luki flew the shuttle into outer space.
ex=Vesht gla-tor au wuh'rak yel t'khru ha.:Did they see the first star of the evening? ["Saw they first star of-evening yes."]
vesh-wis:past tense
vesh-wis-shidlar:past-tense forms
ex=vi nam-tor etek:who we are
ex=Ma malanu t'sa-veh vi.:Who has his pants?
svi'~:amid(st)|among(st)|in the midst of|inside (of) ~ ["from-into"]
vikatau:(to) bring in
vikataya:bring-in|bringing-in {n.}
vihish:pressure {n.} [inferred]
nuk-pid-shal t'vihish:pressure couplet {meteo.} ["lower-high-zone of-pressure"]
muhs-vihish:vapor pressure {meteo.} ["vapor-pressure"]
vi-mashauk muhs-vihish:saturation vapor pressure {meteo.} ["?-? vapor-pressure"]
nuk-vihish:low pressure {n.} {meteo.}
pi-shal t'nuk-vihish:mesolow {meteo.} ["small-zone of-low-pressure"]
nuk-vihish-shal:low (pressure area)|cyclone (low pressure area) {n.} {meteo.} ["low-pressure-zone"]
ikapik nuk-vihish-shal:closed low {meteo.} ["? low-pressure-zone"]
faluyik nuk-vihish-shal:thermal low {meteo.} ["? low-pressure-zone"]
falu-shalik nuk-vihish-shal:tropical cyclone {meteo.} ["?-? low-pressure-zone"]
nefalu-shalik nuk-vihish-shal:subtropical cyclone {meteo.} ["?-? low-pressure-zone"]
nefalu-shalik pi'nuk-vihish-shal:subtropical depression {meteo.} ["?-? small-low-pressure-zone"]
pi'nuk-vihish-shal:depression {meteo.} ["small-low-pressure-zone"]
falu-shalik pi'nuk-vihish-shal:tropical depression {meteo.} ["?-? small-low-pressure-zone"]
fe-pradukik nuk-vihish-tauf:pre-frontal trough {meteo.}
nuk-vihish-tauf:(low-pressure) trough {meteo.} ["low-pressure-?"]
pen-pralik nuk-vihish-tauf:shortwave trough {meteo.} ["?-? low-pressure-?"]
wu-pralik nuk-vihish-tauf:longwave trough {meteo.} ["?-? low-pressure-?"]
a'rak-ayaunik nuk-vihish-tauf:Positive-tilt trough {meteo.} ["positive-tilted low-pressure-?"]
u'rak-ayaunik nuk-vihish-tauf:Negative-tilt trough {meteo.} ["negative-tilted low-pressure-?"]
nuk-vihish-svitistoraya:cyclogenesis {meteo.} ["low-pressure-?"]
vikau:(to) warn
vikaya:warning {n.} [inferred]
vikayek:alarm (device) {n.} {aero.}
vikwam:alert {n.}
halakiv-vikwam- heh terkwul-etlavau-torektra (HVTET):Traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS) {aero.}
vikau-torektra:warning system ["warn-system"]
vinik:mature {adj.}
wehk-tevun-vinik:multivoltine {adj.; biol.} ["many-year-mature"]
wuh-tevun-vinik:univoltine {adj.} ["one-year-mature"]
vin-~:mature ~
vin-tor:(to) mature ["maturity-to-do"]
visak'a:legacy {anc.}
visolektrau:(to) bury)
vit-~:static ~
vis:net {tech.}|web {biol.}|(World Wide) Web {tech.} [partially new]
shi'Vis:website ["place-of-Web"; new, see /shi/]
nen-shar-vis:primary security net ["?-shar-?"]
vistra:network [inferred]
faik-vistra (FV):data network
gla-faik-vistra (GFV):Optical Data Network (ODN)
faik-vistra t'ha'gel-slah-elakh (FVHSE):fiber-optic data network ["data-network of-fiber-optic-cable"]
kvath-faik-vistra (KFV):backup data network
vlut:howl {n.}
vlur:(to) howl [irr. strong v.]
ex=Vlur sehlat.:The /sehlat/ howls.
vo'ekti:? {anc.} {borr.}
vohr-~:slow ~
vohrau:(to) pause [inferred]
vohraya:pause [inferred]
nosh-vohraya:diapause {biol.} ["condition-pause"; see /nosh/]
vokau:(to) remember [also in ST:ENT "The Forge"]
vokau-patam:memory head {tech.} ["remember-?"]
vokau-tviyan:memory core {tech.} ["remember-?"]
vokau-val:memory chip ["remember-?"]
ka-zehlik vokau-val (KZVV):isolinear (memory) chip ["iso-linear remember-?-?"]
ka-zehlik vokau-val-nisanek:isolinear chip tester ["iso-linear remember-?-?"]
ka-zehlik vit-vokau-tviyan:isolinear static memory core ["iso-linear ?-remember-?"]
vokaya:memory {med.} {tech.}
tum-vel-vokaya:computer memory ["tally-thing-memory"]
Vuhlkansu:Vulcan {adj., n.} [/wuh(l)-kansu/ "a-child-person"?; see /kahs-wan/]
vuhnaya:diversity [inferred; see /va'/]
vukhut(-~):body|corporeal ~
ri-vukhut-~:non-corporeal ~
ri-vukhut-hasular:non-corporeal beings
vul:incline {n.} {aero.}
vul-tor:(to) incline {aero.}
vun(-~):have to|must
ex=Vun hal-tor sa-veh tal-tor paki-sehlat.:He must go find the lost sehlat. ["Must go he to-find lost-sehlat."]
ex=Vun-vashau dah yel-hali skyem-kushel tlingansu.:The two starships have to destroy the Klingon bird-of-prey. ["Must-destroy two starship bird-of-prey Klingon."]
vunai:field {n.} {tech.}
# vunai-ferek:[see /ferek/]
kel-ket'es-vunai (KKV):structural integrity field (SIF) ["?-?-field"]
fosh-vunai t'kur-raf-tepul (FVKRT):chromoelectric force field ["?-field of-color-?-?"]
nen-sakwitayek t'fosh-vunai (NSFV):primary force field deflector ["?-? of-?-field"]
seshan-vunai:magnetic field ["?-field"]
karik'es t'seshan-vunai:magnetic field intensity ["? of-?-field"]
solektra-seshan-vunai:geomagnetic field {geo.} ["?-?-field"]
seshlanu-vunai-kesautik:geotactic {adj.} {ocean.} ["?-field-?"]
tuhlau-vunai:containment field ["contain-field"]
ka-dvunik tuhlau-vunai:isokinetic containment field ["same-moving contain-?"]
vush:jet {n.} {tech., meteo.}
mu'yor-wak-vush:nocturnal jet {meteo.}
ku-liyik ruken-vush:valley exit jet {meteo.}
na-vush|na-salan-pilash:polar jet (stream) {meteo.}
falu-shal-vush:tropical jet {meteo.}
nefalu-shal-vush:subtropical jet {meteo.}
nuk-vok-vush:low level jet {meteo.}
vi-yumau-vush:inflow jet {meteo.}
vush-dataya:jet propulsion {tech.}
vush-mishu:jet engine {tech.}
vush-sov-hali:jet aircraft {tech.} ["?-air-ship"]
vush-su-yata:jetliner {tech.}
wa('~):especially|particularly|really|truly [etc.; used for emphasis]
ex=Wa'aitlu nash-veh gla-tor per-gluvaya.:I really want to see the play. ["Really-wants this-one to-see play."]
ex=Wa'bolau nash-veh i'trasha.:I really need to leave now. ["Really-needs this-one now-leave."]
ex=Wa'tev-tor Kardassu i.:The Cardassian is truly *dying* now. ["Truly-dies Cardassian now."]
ex=I'tev-tor Kardassu wa.:The Cardassian is truly dying *now*. ["Now-dies Cardassian truly."; different shade of meaning]
wa'hu:wahoo (ngaal, ono, paala, toson) {zool.} [from FSE]
wak-krus:period ["time-part"]
wak-vel:clock ["time-thing"]
lat-wak:local time {aero.} ["?-time"]
wakli:in what way
ex=>Wakli ak'wikman - ot-lan?<:"What surprises you, lieutenant?" ["In-what-way surprises, lieutenant?"]
wan:cloud {n.} {anc.} [from CLGV /wlan/ and AGV /w'lhán/]
waneti:/Waneti/ (a type of white?, flowering plant; borr.)
wan-tukh:alumin(i)um ["cloud-stuff", because the metal is light in color and weight]
wan-kur:white ["cloud-color", because clouds are one of the few "white" items historically on Vulcan]
ex=Le-matya wan-kur.:The /le-matya/ is white.
wan-~:white ~
kahs-wan:/Kahs-wan/ (maturity test) {anc.} ["flesh-white", see /kahm/?; Vulcan children go/are sent into the deep desert (the Forge) to prove their survival skills, that they are actually Vulcans – only those who survive can take a mate; see /Vuhlkansu/]
watosh(-~):ugly ~
wedzh:intent {n.}
wedzh-tor:(to) intend
ex=Wedzh-tor du gla-tor per-gluvaya ha.:Do you intend to see the play? ["Intend you to-see play yes."]
weh-~:~er|more ~ (comparative)
ex=:[see /ma/ for ex.]
ex=Isan t'Wehk- heh Gol'nev-Zhitlar svi'Zhit-ballar:Use of Multiple & Helper Verbs in Sentences
weil:whale [borr. from FSE]
ralek-weil:fin whale [see /ralek/]
wek:phase {n.} {aero.}
wek-tor:(to) phase {aero.}
ul-wihka:hypothesis {ocean.} ["partial-?"]
ex=Kluflar t'nash-veh wilat.:Where are my boots? ["Boots of-this-one where."]
ex=To-pal t'du wilat.:Where is your coat? ["Coat of-you where."]
ex=Sehlatlar t'nash-veh wilat.:Where are my /sehlats/?
ex=Shitau T'Luki moneklar wilat.:Where does T'Luki put the cups? ["Put T'Luki cups where."]
wimish:(to) be called (introduction)
ex=>Saavik wimish. Kup-stariben?<:"I am Saavik. Can you speak?" ["Saavik to-be-called. Able-to-speak?"]
wis:tense {gr.}
wu(-~):long ~
wugau:(to) confirm
wugaya:confirmation (discipline)
wuh:one {enum.}
wuh'rak:first TGV)
wuhr-~:first ~
wuh-thurai:the next one ["one-next"]
wuhik:one {adj.}
wuhkuh:one {card.}
yahv-tor:(to) borrow
ex=Yahv-tor T'Luki dunap,:T'Luki borrows a book.
ex=Yahv-tor Sonok khav-kur kluflar t'T'Luki.:Sonok borrows T'Luki’s brown boots.
yahvu-~:borrowed ~ {ling.}
yar-kur:green ["grass-color"]
yarmok:salad ["grass-ring", see /mokuv/?]
ne-yartra:meadow ["shallow-grass-there"]
yaretau:(to) visit
yaretausu:visitor ["visiting-person"]
oyaretausu:(honored) guest ["honored-visiting-person"]
ex=Yauluhk Pitoh na'Riguv- - Wehk-Guv- heh Ri-Vukhut-Hasular:Important Note about Asexual, Multi-Sexual and Non-Corporeal Beings
yeht(-~):right|correct|true ~ {adj.}
yeht'es:accuracy [inferred]
la'ka-yehat:available {adj.} ["here-same-true"]
la'ka-ha'gel:available light
la'ka-tepul:available power
yel:star {n.}
ta'gal-yel:neutron star
# yel-hali:[see /hali/]
yel-halek:galaxy ["star-wheel"]
Yel-Halek t'Thas-Yut:Milky Way Galaxy ["galaxy of-milk-way"]
yel-halekik shi-kethel:galactic coordinate ["galactic place-?"]
yel-halek-pa'ashtra:galactic plane
yel-halek-dan:galactic rotation
yel-ulidar:sunspot ["star-scar"]
yem-tukh:food ["meal-stuff"]
aru-yem:dinner ["evening-meal"]
asal-yem:breakfast ["morning-meal"]
khi-gad-yem:lunch ["mid-day-meal"]
yerak:bowl {n.}
yetur:(to) drive
yeturek:drive {n.} ["drive-all"; inferred from /mesakh-tchas-yeturek/]
weh-sahr-ha'gelik yeturek:faster-than-light (FTL) drive ["more-fast-light drive"]
yokul:(to) eat [irr. strong v.]
ex=Yokul ravot yar.:The insect eats the grass.
yokul-mev:esophagus {med.}|gullet {biol.} ["eat-pipe"]
yokul-mev-el'neshek:esophageal scissors {med.} ["eat-pipe-scissors"]
yokulfa:eater (animal) ["eat-animal"]
yokulsu:eater (person) ["eat-person"]
yokulsu t'masutraik numo-ha-vellar:planktivore ["eater of-? microscopic-living-things"]
fan-yokulsu:omnivore ["?-eater"]
ha'gel-yokulsu:phototroph ["light-eater"]
ha-guhsh-yokulsu:detritivore|detrivore ["life-debris-eater"; see /ha-guhsh/]
kahm-yokulsu:carnivore ["meat-eater"; see /kahm/]
kastik-goh-yokulsu:vegetarian ["plant-only-eater"; see /kastik/]
kastik-yokulsu:herbovore ["plant-eater"]
keh-masunol-yokulsu:methanotroph ["?-?-eater"]
masunol-yokulsu:methylotroph ["?-eater"]
plei-yokulsu:grazer ["?-eater"]
tevanu-ha-yokulsu:saprophage ["?-?-eater"]
tevanu-yokulsu:scavenger ["?-eater"]
yon:fire {n.}
yon-kur:red ["fire-color"]
za'~:behind ~
za(-)~:posterior|aft(-)~|rear(-)~|stern(-)~ {naut.}
zahvan:taste {n.}
zahv-tor:(to) taste
zakar:damage {n.}
zakar-tor:(to) damage
ex=Zakar-tor sahriv urozh svi'solai t'sa-veh hi ri t'etek.:The storm damaged the crops in his field but not in ours.
zamavaya:playback {n.}
zama-tor:(to) spy ["pretend-to-do", as playback is pretending to sing]
zamasu:agent|spy ["spy-person"]
dah-zamasu:double agent ["two-agent"]
zanan:view {n.}
zan-tor:(to) view
zehl:line {n.}
ek'zehl:border ["all-line"]
ek'zehl'es:lineage ["line-noun"; inferred]
wakrubau-zehl'es:evolutionary lineage ["evolution-lineage"]
lap-ek'zehl:baumgrenze ["tree-border"]
yetur-ek'zehl:driveline|drivetrain {tech.}
ha'zehl:beam (ray) ["fire-line"]
ha'zehl-tash-feretai:beam control assembly ["?-line-control-?"]
zek:order {n.}
zhai-~:gray ~
ex=Zhai-sehlatlar fnau hi le-matyalar kresik.:The grey /sehlats/ are tame but the /le-matyas/ are aggressive.
zhar-~:orange-colored ~
zhar-kur:orange (color)
zhel:band|ribbon|strap {n.}
zherka:emotion {anc.}
zhit-bal:sentence ["word-?"]
ex=velik zhit-bal, krus 1:simple sentence, part 1
zhit-gir:word root ["word-root"; inferred]
zhit-isan:grammar ["word-using"]
zhit-vesht-tal:etymology ["word-past-study"]
ex=>Zhit-Vesht-Tal Ba- eh Iyi-Gol-Vuhlkansu<:"Traditional and Modern Golic Vulcan Etymology"
nazhitovau:(to) spell
dannosh-zhit:superlative {n.}
deshkaun-zhit:interrogative {n.}
gol'nev-zhit:helper verb ["help-word"]
guhras-zhit:invective {n.} ["gutter/junk-word"; see /guh/]
redzh-guhras-zhitlar:mild invective
wahdzh-guhras-Zhitlar:severe invective
navath-zhit:comparative {n.}
ex=Navath-Zhitlar heh Dannosh-Zhitlar:Comparatives & Superlatives
zhoh:1000000 (million) {enum.} {card.}
zhoh'rak:1000000th (millionth; TGV)
zhohr-~:1000000th (millionth)
zhohik:1000000 (million) {adj.}
zhu:hearing {n.}
zhu-fam-~:deaf ~ ["hearing-without"]
# zhu-thonek:[see /thonek/]
zhu-nalatra-tin:eardrum {anat.} ["hear-tissue-layer"]
zhu-tor:(to) hear ["hearing-verb"]
ex=Zhu-tor T'Luki sehlatlar fna'krani fi'yut na'svep.:T'Luki hears /sehlats/ through the window on the way to the door.
nazhu-tor:(to) listen
zungri-~:tired ~
ex=Dular zungor.:You {pl.} are tired.
zup:labor|work {n.}
zup-tor:(to) labor|work
ex=>Zup-tor vu akarshif - Spahkh.<:"You have labored long, Spock." ["Labor you-yourself a long time, Spock."]
zul:lava {geol.}
(suk')zul-kunel:volcano {sci.}
0,0 → 1,241
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en"">
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Golic Vulcan – Federation Standard English Dictionary</title>
<style type="text/css">
body {
font-family: serif;
padding-left: 0;
list-style-type: none;
ol li
margin-left: 0;
ol ol
padding-left: 1em;
.type-or-context {
font-family: sans-serif;
font-size: small;
font-weight: bold;
i em {
font-weight: bold;
$source_lang = 'vuh-Latn-Gol';
$target_lang = 'en-Latn-Federation';
$lines = file('vuh-gol-en.dict');
<h1>Golic Vulcan – Federation Standard English Dictionary</h1>
define('REGEXP_PREFIX_EXAMPLE', '/^ex\s*=\s*/');
if ($lines)
$last_indent = -1;
$last_phrases = array();
foreach ($lines as $line)
preg_match('/^(?<lws>\s*)(?<phrase>[^:]+)\s*:\s*(?<transl>.+)/u', $line, $matches);
// var_dump($matches);
if ($matches)
$phrase = $matches['phrase'];
if (mb_strpos($phrase, '#') === false)
$indent = mb_strlen($matches['lws']) / 2;
if ($indent > $last_indent)
echo '<ol>';
echo str_repeat('</ol>', $last_indent - $indent);
echo '<li>';
$is_example = preg_match(REGEXP_PREFIX_EXAMPLE, $phrase);
if ($is_example)
$phrase = preg_replace(REGEXP_PREFIX_EXAMPLE, '', $phrase);
if ($indent > $last_indent)
$last_phrases[] = $phrase;
else if ($indent < $last_indent)
$last_phrases = array_slice($last_phrases, 0, $indent + 1);
if ($indent <= $last_indent)
$last_phrases[count($last_phrases) - 1] = $phrase;
$phrase = preg_replace(
if ($last_phrases)
while (($last_phrase = prev($last_phrases)) !== false)
while (mb_strlen($last_phrase) > 1)
if (preg_match('/' . preg_quote($last_phrase) . '/i',
$phrase, $last_sub_matches))
$phrase = preg_replace('/' . $last_sub_matches[0] . '/i',
'<u>\\0</u>', $phrase);
break 2;
$last_phrase = mb_strcut($last_phrase, 0, mb_strlen($last_phrase) - 1);
$transl = preg_replace(
'<abbr class="type-or-context" lang="' . $target_lang . '">\\1</abbr>',
'\\1<i lang="' . $source_lang . '">\\2</i>',
echo ($is_example ? "<i lang='$source_lang'>" : "<b lang='$source_lang'>")
. $phrase
. ($is_example ? '</i>' : '</b>')
. " <span lang='$target_lang'>" . $transl . '</span>';
$last_indent = $indent;
echo '</ol>';
// $phrases = array();
// foreach ($lines as $line)
// {
// preg_match('/^(?<lws>\s*)(?<phrase>[^:]+)\s*:\s*(?<transl>.+)/u', $line, $matches);
// if ($matches)
// {
// $phrase = $matches['phrase'];
// /* if not a comment */
// if (mb_strpos($phrase, '#') === false)
// {
// $transl = $matches['transl'];
// $is_example = preg_match(REGEXP_PREFIX_EXAMPLE, $phrase);
// if ($is_example)
// {
// /* assign example to previous phrase; indentation irrelevant */
// $phrase = preg_replace(REGEXP_PREFIX_EXAMPLE, '', $phrase);
// $prev_phrase['examples'][$phrase] = $transl;
// }
// else
// {
// /* create new phrase */
// $level = mb_strlen($matches['lws']) / 2;
// $phrases[$phrase] = array(
// 'translation' => $transl,
// 'level' => $level
// );
// $prev_phrase =& $phrases[$phrase];
// }
// }
// }
// }
// // var_dump($phrases);
// if ($phrases)
// {
// $prev_level = -1;
// foreach ($phrases as $phrase => $data)
// {
// $level = $data['level'];
// if ($level > $prev_level)
// {
// echo "\n<ol>\n";
// }
// else if ($level < $prev_level)
// {
// echo str_repeat("</ol>\n", $prev_level - $level);
// }
// $translation = $data['translation'];
// echo "\n<li>$prev_level => $level <b lang='$source_lang'>" . htmlspecialchars($phrase) . '</b>'
// . " <span lang='$target_lang'>" . $translation . '</span>';
// if (isset($data['examples']))
// {
// echo '<ul>';
// foreach ($data['examples'] as $original => $translation)
// {
// echo "<li><i lang='$source_lang'>" . htmlspecialchars($original) . '</i>'
// . " <span lang='$target_lang'>" . $translation . '</span></li>';
// }
// echo '</ul>';
// }
// $prev_level = $level;
// }
// echo '</ol>';
// }
<?php } ?>